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Location Madagascar, Antsiranana
Central coordinates 49o 42.00' East  14o 26.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 60,150 ha
Altitude 75 - 2,133m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Asity Madagascar (Affiliate)



Site description Marojejy National Park comprises the forested Marojejy massif and its neighbouring foothills. The massif is mountainous, with steep, granitic peaks, quartzite crests and narrow valleys. There are significant variations in microclimate, from sub-humid to humid, and from cold to temperate. In some areas, annual rainfall is over 3,000 mm. October is the driest month and January the wettest. Winter temperatures may fall to around 2°C in higher areas. The Androranga river flows along the northern boundary of the park and the Lokoho river in the south and east. Marojejy is the only one of the five large mountainous massifs in Madagascar whose high-altitude vegetation is still largely intact. Most of the site is covered in dense, humid evergreen forest. However, because of the great range of altitudes that the massif spans, it supports four distinct types of vegetation: (1) Low-altitude, dense, humid evergreen forest in the valleys. This forest is largely degraded. The emergent tree Canarium is abundant. Acanthaceae, Urticaceae and Gramineae are well represented in the ground layer, and tree-ferns are common. Secondary vegetation, partially dominated by giant bamboo Ochlandra and wild ginger Aframomum, occurs in the lowest areas, near the park boundary. (2) Mid-altitude, dense, humid evergreen forest, with a grassy ground layer dominated by herbs such as Begonia, Exacum, Gravesia, Impatiens and Phaius. (3) Dense sclerophyllous montane forest. (4) Montane bushland dominated by tree-heath Erica occurs at the highest altitudes, as do patches of grassland.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Madagascar Crested Ibis Lophotibis cristata resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Madagascar Serpent-eagle Eutriorchis astur resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Henst's Goshawk Accipiter henstii resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Brown Mesite Mesitornis unicolor resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Madagascar Flufftail Sarothrura insularis resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Madagascar Wood Rail Canirallus kioloides resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Madagascar Rail Rallus madagascariensis resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Vulnerable 
Madagascar Blue-pigeon Alectroenas madagascariensis resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-breasted Coua Coua serriana resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Coua Coua reynaudii resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Coua Coua caerulea resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Collared Nightjar Caprimulgus enarratus resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Short-legged Ground-roller Brachypteracias leptosomus resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Scaly Ground-roller Brachypteracias squamiger resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Pitta-like Ground-roller Atelornis pittoides resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-headed Ground-roller Atelornis crossleyi resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Velvet Asity Philepitta castanea resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sunbird Asity Neodrepanis coruscans resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-bellied Asity Neodrepanis hypoxantha resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Bernier's Vanga Oriolia bernieri resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Helmet Vanga Euryceros prevostii resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Nuthatch Vanga Hypositta corallirostris resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Dark Newtonia Newtonia amphichroa resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Newtonia Newtonia fanovanae resident  1999  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Ward's Flycatcher Pseudobias wardi resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A3  Least Concern 
Crossley's Babbler Mystacornis crossleyi resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Emu-tail Dromaeocercus brunneus resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Oxylabes Oxylabes madagascariensis resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spectacled Tetraka Bernieria zosterops resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Tetraka Bernieria tenebrosa resident  1999  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Grey-crowned Tetraka Bernieria cinereiceps resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Cryptic Warbler Cryptosylvicola randrianasoloi resident  1999  present [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Madagascar Yellowbrow Crossleyia xanthophrys resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Rand's Warbler Randia pseudozosterops resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A3  Least Concern 
Green Jery Neomixis viridis resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Wedge-tailed Jery Neomixis flavoviridis resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Forest Rock-thrush Monticola sharpei resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Nelicourvi Weaver Ploceus nelicourvi resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Fody Foudia omissa resident  1988  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Marojejy National Park 59,752 protected area contained by site 59,752  
Rainforests of the Atsinanana World Heritage Site 479,661 protected area contains site 60,150  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   2%
Unknown   4%
Forest   92%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity The site is a major centre of endemism in the Eastern Malagasy region. Bat: Myzopoda aurita (VU). Lemurs: Eulemur rubriventer (VU), Propithecus diadema candidus (CR), Daubentonia madagascariensis (EN). Carnivores: Fossa fossana (VU), Cryptoprocta ferox (VU), Galidictis fasciata (VU). Butterfly: Papilio mangoura (VU).

References Andriamampianina and Peyrieras (1972), Benson et al. (1977), Colebrook-Robjent (1973), Duckworth et al. (1995), Evans et al. (1992), Forbes-Watson (1966), Guillaumet et al. (1973), Humbert (1995), Jenkins (1987), Nicoll and Langrand (1989), Safford and Duckworth (1990), Salomonsen (1934a), Sheldon and Duckworth (1990), Thiollay and Meyburg (1981).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Marojejy National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife