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Location Madagascar, Antsiranana
Central coordinates 49o 27.00' East  12o 47.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 34,700 ha
Altitude 10 - 608m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Asity Madagascar (Affiliate)

Site description This reserve is located 80 km south of Antsiranana. The site is limited by the steep-edged Analamera plateau in the north, by the Iloky river in the south and by small tributaries of the Anivorano river in the west. The south-eastern limit is located 1 km from the littoral. Analamera is a karstic plateau stretching from the Indian Ocean to the Ankarana plateau. Its steep cliffs rise to 400 m in the east and 359 m in the west, and overlook the Andrevo and Iloky rivers. The plateau is divided by many small streams flowing towards the Irodo river in the north. The main river is the Bobakindro, which flows across the northern area of the plateau. Analamera is an important hydrological reservoir, which feeds the flooded Irodo plain where rice-fields are located. In the valleys and well-watered areas, the vegetation is composed of western dense deciduous dry forest, with a canopy 15–20 m high.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Fifty-seven species are known from the site, of which 27 are endemic to Madagascar. The reserve is one of the two sites known for Xenopirostris damii and one of the six sites known for Mesitornis variegata. These two species both seem to be present in reasonable numbers, but Haliaeetus vociferoides is probably only a vagrant from nearby coasts.

Non-bird biodiversity: Lemurs: Eulemur coronatus (VU), E. fulvus sanfordi (VU), Lepilemur septentrionalis (VU), Propithecus diadema perrieri (CR), Daubentonia madagascariensis (EN). Reptiles: Boa manditra (VU), B. madagascariensis (VU).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Madagascar Crested Ibis Lophotibis cristata resident  1986  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Madagascar Pond-heron Ardeola idae breeding  1986  present  A1  Endangered 
Henst's Goshawk Accipiter henstii resident  1986  present  A1  Near Threatened 
White-breasted Mesite Mesitornis variegatus resident  1986  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Coquerel's Coua Coua coquereli resident  1986  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Van Dam's Vanga Xenopirostris damii resident  1986  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Sickle-billed Vanga Falculea palliata resident  1986  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sakalava Weaver Ploceus sakalava resident  1986  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Analamerana Special Reserve 42,002 protected area contains site 34,700  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   6%
Unknown   12%
Shrubland   1%
Grassland   26%
Forest   53%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -
not utilised -

References Hawkins et al. (1990), Meyers and Ratsirarson (1988), Nicoll and Langrand (1989).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Analamerana Special Reserve. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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