|Central coordinates||49o 27.00' East 12o 47.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||10 - 608m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description This reserve is located 80 km south of Antsiranana. The site is limited by the steep-edged Analamera plateau in the north, by the Iloky river in the south and by small tributaries of the Anivorano river in the west. The south-eastern limit is located 1 km from the littoral. Analamera is a karstic plateau stretching from the Indian Ocean to the Ankarana plateau. Its steep cliffs rise to 400 m in the east and 359 m in the west, and overlook the Andrevo and Iloky rivers. The plateau is divided by many small streams flowing towards the Irodo river in the north. The main river is the Bobakindro, which flows across the northern area of the plateau. Analamera is an important hydrological reservoir, which feeds the flooded Irodo plain where rice-fields are located. In the valleys and well-watered areas, the vegetation is composed of western dense deciduous dry forest, with a canopy 15–20 m high.
Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Fifty-seven species are known from the site, of which 27 are endemic to Madagascar. The reserve is one of the two sites known for Xenopirostris damii and one of the six sites known for Mesitornis variegata. These two species both seem to be present in reasonable numbers, but Haliaeetus vociferoides is probably only a vagrant from nearby coasts.
Non-bird biodiversity: Lemurs: Eulemur coronatus (VU), E. fulvus sanfordi (VU), Lepilemur septentrionalis (VU), Propithecus diadema perrieri (CR), Daubentonia madagascariensis (EN). Reptiles: Boa manditra (VU), B. madagascariensis (VU).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Madagascar Crested Ibis Lophotibis cristata||resident||1986||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Madagascar Pond-heron Ardeola idae||breeding||1986||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Henst's Goshawk Accipiter henstii||resident||1986||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|White-breasted Mesite Mesitornis variegatus||resident||1986||present||-||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|Coquerel's Coua Coua coquereli||resident||1986||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Van Dam's Vanga Xenopirostris damii||resident||1986||present||-||A1, A2, A3||Endangered|
|Sickle-billed Vanga Falculea palliata||resident||1986||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sakalava Weaver Ploceus sakalava||resident||1986||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Analamerana||Special Reserve||42,002||protected area contains site||34,700|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||6%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
References Hawkins et al. (1990), Meyers and Ratsirarson (1988), Nicoll and Langrand (1989).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Analamerana Special Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/05/2016
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