|Central coordinates||12o 16.00' West 28o 2.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||0 - 50m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The Lagune de Khnifiss is located on the Atlantic coast between Tarfaya and Tan Tan Plage in the south of the country. It is a long, narrow inlet, several hundred metres wide and extending for 20 km, lying roughly parallel to the coast, but separated from it to the west by a line of dunes. To the east it is bounded by a row of sandstone cliffs c.50 m high, formed from ancient consolidated dunes. The lagoon is open to the sea at its mouth, known as Foum Agouitir, and is therefore tidal. At its furthest extent inland it opens out into a large saltpan, Sebkha Tazra, which is only flooded during the highest tides. The lagoon vegetation consists of saltmarsh and seagrasses while the bordering cliffs support low shrubs of semi-desert. The most important habitats for birds are the mudflats and sandbanks exposed at low tide.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. The Lagune de Khnifiss is a vital stop-over site on the Atlantic coastal flyway for migrating Palearctic waders, waterfowl and seabirds, and is considered to be the third most important wintering site for waders in Morocco, after Merja Zerga (site MA010) and the Baie d’Ad-Dakhla (site MA045). It regularly holds more than 20,000 waders, including up to 14,000 Calidris alpina. Seven species are known to exceed IBA threshold levels, including (probably) Larus audouinii (CD). In total more than 170 species have been recorded, of which almost one third breed. The most notable breeding species are Tadorna ferruginea, Phalacrocorax aristotelis, P. carbo, Larus genei and Sterna hirundo; the lagoon is the only known Moroccan breeding site for the last two species.
Non-bird biodiversity: The site holds two of Morocco’s six endemic mammals, Gerbillus occiduus and Crocidura tarfayaensis, as well as one endemic amphibian Bufo brongersmai and one endemic lizard Tarentola boehmi.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea||winter||-||300 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus||winter||-||1,083 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia||winter||-||160 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola||winter||-||2,092 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica||winter||-||3,987 individuals||-||A4i||Near Threatened|
|Sanderling Calidris alba||winter||-||3,800 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Little Stint Calidris minuta||winter||-||3,760 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii||winter||-||present||-||A1||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||-||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|2001||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Energy production and mining||oil and gas drilling||likely in short term (within 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Baie de Khnifiss||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||20,000||is identical to site||20,000|
|Khnifiss/Puerto Cansado||Biological Reserve||6,500||protected area contained by site||6,500|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
References BCEOM-SECA (1995c), Auteurs multiples (1988), Dakki and de Ligny (1988).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lagune de Khnifiss. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2016
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