|Location||Morocco, Tan Tan|
|Central coordinates||10o 15.00' West 28o 15.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||103 - 823m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box and Table 2 for key species. In the mid-1990s a limited survey investigating a small part of the site recorded 20 Marmaronetta angustirostris and 100 Tadorna ferruginea, and it can therefore be assumed that total numbers of both species exceed IBA thresholds. A total of 35 species is known to breed. Argania/Euphorbia woodland in the north-west sector supports a Mediterranean avifauna, while the south-western portion of the site contains a representative sample of the Saharan species.
Site description This is a large site located 70 km east of Tan Tan. It comprises the rocky mountains of Jbel Bani, Jbel Rich, Jbel Tazzout and Jbel Ouarkziz, separated from each other by silty valleys including, between Jbel Rich and Jbel Tazzout, the bed of the Oued Drâa. The climate of the north-western 10% of the site is subject to an oceanic influence and is consequently wetter and more densely vegetated with Argania spinosa and Euphorbia echinus, while the larger south-eastern sector is drier and supports a Saharan-type vegetation with bushes of Limoniastrum ifniense and Nitraria retusa, together with the most extensive and well-developed stands of Acacia raddiana in the country. The many permanent brackish gueltas along the valleys are fringed with Tamarix spp., and there are several freshwater springs. Annual precipitation is around 40 mm.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea||winter||-||225 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||winter||-||30 individuals||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Pharaoh Eagle-owl Bubo ascalaphus||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Thick-billed Lark Rhamphocoris clotbey||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Fulvous Chatterer Turdoides fulva||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity The mammals Gazella dorcas (LR/nt), Gazella cuvieri (EN), Ammotragus lervia (VU) and Acinonyx jubatus hecki (EN) are all present (tracks of the latter seen in 1994). Three endemic reptiles, Tarentola boehmi, Quedenfeldtia moerens and Acanthodactylus busacki, occur, as does the endemic amphibian Bufo brongersmai.
Management considerations The site is currently unprotected, but was classed as a priority 1 SIBE (No. 77) because of the beauty of the landscape and outstanding large-mammal and reptile communities: indeed, reintroduction programmes for Oryx dammah (CR) and Gazella dama (EN) have been proposed. However, since 1995 the site has been considered a hunting reserve for Middle Eastern Arab visitors. Human activities include nomadic pastoralism (goats, sheep and camels) and irrigated cultivation along the valleys (date-palms, barley, etc.). Threats include hunting of gazelle from vehicles by urban visitors; hunting by visiting Arab falconers, who in 1995 killed hundreds of Chlamydotis undulata; and poisoning campaigns against predators which have killed non-target scavengers such as vultures. The creation of a National Park and implementation of a sound management plan are urgently required.
References BCEOM-SECA (1995b).
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