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Location Morocco, Agadir
Central coordinates 9o 50.00' West  30o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 4,800 ha
Altitude 0 - 337m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Groupe de Recherche pour la Protection des Oiseaux au Maroc (Affiliate)

Site description The site is a 32-km stretch of Morocco’s Atlantic coast between Essaouira and Agadir. Varying between 1 and 4 km in width, the site comprises the coastal strip, starting from the forestry post at Idbene Sag in the north, and incorporating the seaward side of the minor road to Imsouane port. From Imsouane, the boundary follows the ridge Talaf Brahim ou Lahsene to just north of Tildi, where it cuts east along the northern cliffs of Oued Tannkourimt to the village of Assaka. From Assaka the boundary follows the main Agadir–Essaouira road (RP 8), until it cuts inland at Imzi, via the villages of Timassinine and Id er Rais to Tamri. From Tamri the boundary continues west along the main road to Ait Ali where it cuts south to the Iggui Ouferni ridge to Ouroumi and finally crosses the road to the sea at Cap Ghir. Habitats include coastal cliffs up to 50 m high, the permanent watercourse and estuary of the Oued Tamri, sandy beaches and dunes, and a band of coastal steppe/unintensively used agricultural land between the coast and the foothills of the High Atlas.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. Tamri is one of only four known Moroccan breeding colonies of Geronticus eremita. The other three colonies are located over 50 km south in the Parc National de Souss-Massa (site MA038). All the pairs in the Tamri colony nest on ledges on a single cliff. In 2000, Tamri contained 30 breeding pairs, or 48% of the country’s and world population. The ibis use the steppe and fallow fields between Tamri and Cap Ghir and the steppe at Imsouane as feeding areas; there are also several other cliff roost-sites within this area which are used by the birds outside the breeding season. The Tamri and Souss-Massa populations do show some interchange outside the breeding season and so the remaining ibis may be regarded as a single population. Both Phalacrocorax aristotelis riggenbachi, a subspecies restricted to Morocco, and Apus unicolor, a restricted-range species (of the Madeira and Canary Islands Endemic Bird Area, EBA 120) which only occasionally breeds in Morocco, nest. A pair of Aquila chrysaetos have bred on the cliffs west of Assaka. Two species of the Sahara–Sindian biome occur (see Table 2).

Non-bird biodiversity: The site holds 17 species of amphibians and reptiles, including four Moroccan endemics, among them the reptiles Acanthodactylus busacki, Quedenfeldtia moerens and Chalcides manueli.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita resident  2000  30 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4i  Critically Endangered 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2001 medium not assessed low

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Some of site covered (10-49%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Arganeraie UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 2,568,780 protected area contains site 4,800  
Embouchure de l'Oued Tamri Other Area 900 protected area contained by site 900  

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -

References BCEOM-SECA (1995c), Bowden and Smith (1997), Bowden (1998).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tamri and Imsouane. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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