|Central coordinates||5o 10.00' West 33o 25.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||1,225 - 2,103m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The site is a 50,000 ha proposed Natural Park stretching for some 40 km between the towns of Ifrane and Azrou in the west central Middle Atlas. The area is part of the drainage basin of the Oued Sebou. Although lying between 1,225 and 2,103 m, the relief is rather gentle, in contrast to the steeper slopes of the eastern Middle Atlas. The landscape is typically karstic, scattered with dolines, some of which are occupied by lakes, e.g. Dayet Aoua, Dayet Hachlaf, Aguelmane Afennourir. The latter, covering 380 ha and lying at 1,800 m, is one of Morocco’s four designated Ramsar Sites. It is actually a shallow marsh, in which water is artificially retained by a low dyke, and is nowhere more than 2 m deep. In exceptional drought years (e.g. 1995) it can dry out completely. Dayet Aoua occupies about 50 ha and is relatively well conserved. Annual precipitation is 1,100 mm, much of which falls as winter snow (one of Morocco’s two ski-resorts lies just to the west of the park boundary).The park contains some of the most densely wooded parts of the country, although these only cover a small portion of its area. The principal woody species are cedar Cedrus atlantica and oak Quercus rotundifolia, but Q. faginea, Juniperus oxycedrus, J. thurifera, Ilex aquifolium, Crataegus laciniata and Pinus pinaster are also relatively common. The non-woody flora is also very rich, although there are few endemic species. Aguelmane Afennourir is surrounded by Juncus bufonius, and there are several islets of Scirpus holoschoenus. The park is relatively sparsely populated. The principal economic activity of the inhabitants is the rearing of livestock, particularly sheep, but there are increasing levels of tourism.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea||breeding||-||-||-||Least Concern|
|Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea||winter||-||650 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||winter||-||1,200 individuals||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata||resident||-||-||-||Least Concern|
|Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata||winter||-||750 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Levaillant's Woodpecker Picus vaillantii||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans||breeding||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica||breeding||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Ifrane||National Park||54,000||protected area contains site||50,000|
|Lac d'Afennourir||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||800||protected area contained by site||800|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Although the carnivore Panthera pardus panthera (CR) formerly occurred, it is now extinct. The primate Macaca sylvanus (VU) is still reasonably common in the forested areas of the park. Six endemic reptiles are also present.
References BCEOM-SECA (1995b, h, i), Green and El Hamzaoui (1998).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Parc Naturel d'Ifrane. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/03/2014
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