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Location Morocco, Nador,Oujda
Central coordinates 2o 22.00' West  35o 6.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 2,700 ha
Altitude 0 - 60m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Groupe de Recherche pour la Protection des Oiseaux au Maroc (Affiliate)

Site description The Oued Moulouya is the largest river to the east of the Middle Atlas and flows 600 km north from Midelt to the Mediterranean. The estuary lies 20 km north of the town of Berkane, only 12 km west of the Algerian border. The site has three components, together comprising 2,700 ha: the Chararba marsh, a freshwater wetland ringed by almost impenetrable dense vegetation; a sandy beach backed by dunes and, in places, a 20-m-high cliff; and the lower 25 km of the course of the Oued Moulouya itself. The luxuriant riparian vegetation consists of Tamarix sp. on the banks and Phragmites communis, Scirpus maritimus, Juncus sp. and Salicornia sp. There are also small plantations of Acacia and Eucalyptus spp. Annual rainfall is 340 mm.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris winter  38 individuals  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii winter  1,200 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
hunting -
tourism/recreation -
other -
Notes: Reed-cutting.

Other biodiversity Two restricted-range lizards, Chalcides mauritanicus and C. parallelus, have been recorded.

References BCEOM-SECA (1995c), Brosset (1959).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Embouchure Oued Moulouya. Downloaded from on 23/10/2014

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