|Location||Libya, Ash Shati,Awbari,Sabha|
|Central coordinates||14o 50.00' East 27o 32.00' North|
|Altitude||390 - 435m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box and Table 2 for key species. There are two breeding records of Aythya nyroca from a pool near Askhikah, to the east of the town of Birak (Brak), and up to 100 have been recorded wintering in the area in the past. There have been no avifaunal surveys of the reserve since its notification and its importance therefore requires confirmation. However, there are detailed records from its vicinity from habitats represented within the reserve. The valleys of the area are also important for resting migratory birds, including passerines and waterfowl.
Site description This site is situated in the interior of Libya, almost due south of Tripoli and north and west of the oasis town of Sabha. It consists of gently rolling sand-dunes of the Ramlat Zallaf (Azzallaf) system at the eastern end of the great Awbari (Aubari) Erg. Wetlands form in depressions where the water-table is close to the surface, including sebkha saltmarshes and permanent standing pools. Around damp areas and on pool-edges grow Phragmites australis and Juncus spp. with Ammophila spp. grasses in drier parts. The flora is entirely Saharan in character and dominant species include Calligonum comosum, Nitraria retusa, Anabasis articulata, Acacia spp., Euphorbia spp. and Fagonia spp., along with date-palm Phoenix dactylifera, Zizyphus lotus and Tamarix africana.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Sooty Falcon Falco concolor||breeding||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Pale Crag-martin Hirundo obsoleta||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala||winter||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans||passage||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Tristram's Warbler Sylvia deserticola||winter||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica||breeding||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Sparrow Passer simplex||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Not Recognised|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Zellaf||Nature Reserve||100,000||is identical to site||100,000|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.
Management considerations The site was declared a Nature Reserve in 1978 and has been recommended as a National Park. Much of the natural vegetation of the oases within the site has been replaced by date-palm plantations. Areas around the oases are subject to heavy grazing while uncontrolled, motorized hunting has led to the extinction of large mammals.
References Abou Jaafer (1984), Bundy (1976), Child (1978), Cowan (1982, 1983, 1985), Erard and Larigauderie (1972), Ledant et al. (1985).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Zallaf. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/06/2013
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