|Central coordinates||23o 18.00' East 32o 13.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A3, A4i|
|Altitude||0 - 2m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Ayn al Ghazalah Bay is situated in the south of the Gulf of Bumbah (Bomba), between the towns of Darnah and Tubruq. In the mouth of the bay lies the island of Geziret al Elba, 2 km from the coast. The island is 2.5 km by 1 km, reaching only 1.5 m at the northern, rocky end, from where it slopes gradually into a saltmarsh at sea-level at the southern end. The saltmarsh consists primarily of Salicornia fruticosa and Halimione portulacoides. The coastline of Ayn al Ghazalah Bay also contains some areas of saltmarsh and coastal lagoons backed by desert.
Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. Other breeding species on the island include Sterna albifrons (25 pairs), Larus cachinnans (10 pairs), Charadrius alexandrinus (few pairs) and Galerida cristata (10 pairs). The bay may be important for migrant waterbirds. It is probable that further species of the Mediterranean North Africa biome will be found in the mainland part of the site. In addition, one species of the Sahara–Sindian biome (A02) has also been recorded (see Table 2).
Non-bird biodiversity: The mainland coast of the Ayn al Ghazalah Bay is an important breeding site for the sea-turtle Caretta caretta (EN).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis||breeding||1993||40 breeding pairs||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Red-rumped Wheatear Oenanthe moesta||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Meininger and Wolf (1994), Meininger et al. (1994a and b).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Geziret al Elba - Ayn al Ghazalah Bay. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/10/2016
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