|Central coordinates||13o 35.00' East 32o 45.00' North|
|Altitude||0 - 20m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Karabolli (Garabulli, Qarabulli) is situated in north-west Libya on the Mediterranean coastal plain. It is located some 50 km east of Tripoli and 2 km north of the town of Al Garabulli (Al Qarabulli). The park is approximately rectangular in shape and is bounded by the Wadi Ramal in the west, Wadi Turghat in the east and extends up to 7 km inland from the coast. A third watercourse, the Wadi Al Mashid, runs through the site. These perennial streams are spring-fed and are generally slow-flowing except after rain. Wadi al Mashid is particularly slow and meandering and is surrounded by muddy areas and wet flushes. Wadi Ramal feeds into a small (1 ha) saline lagoon just behind the beach. The site consists of rolling continental sand-dunes, with sandy beaches and rocky shores backed by low, eroded sandstone cliffs. There are extensive seagrass Poseidonia oceania beds in the marine zone. The dunes are sparsely vegetated with marram grass Ammophila arenaria and Tamarix spp. and there is a natural scrub vegetation and areas of open pasture in some of the interdune basins while, beyond the dunes, there are open grass plains with low thorn scrub. Communities of Typha and Juncus spp., along with Phragmites australis reedbeds, interspersed with the shrubby Tamarix spp., occur beside springs and ponds in the wadis. In Wadi Turghat reedbeds extend for 2 km from the river mouth. However, most of the vegetation within the reserve is introduced, with sand-stabilizing plantations of Acacia and Eucalyptus spp. the most widespread habitat. In addition, tamarisk Tamarix spp., poplar Populus spp., pine Pinus spp., Acacia tortilis, fig Ficus indica and date-palm Phoenix dactylifera have also been planted.
Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. To date, some 99 species have been recorded. More than 45 Larus audouinii were present in 1982. The site is particularly important for Palearctic passage migrants. In addition, one species of the Sahara–Sindian biome (A02) has been recorded (see Table 2).
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals of global conservation concern include Hyaena hyaena (LR/nt).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Karabolli||National Park||15,000||is identical to site||15,000|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
References Child (1978), Hufnagl (1972), Scott (1982, 1983b, c).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Karabolli. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2015
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