email a friend
printable version
Location Libya, Tarabalus
Central coordinates 13o 35.00' East  32o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 15,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 20m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description Karabolli (Garabulli, Qarabulli) is situated in north-west Libya on the Mediterranean coastal plain. It is located some 50 km east of Tripoli and 2 km north of the town of Al Garabulli (Al Qarabulli). The park is approximately rectangular in shape and is bounded by the Wadi Ramal in the west, Wadi Turghat in the east and extends up to 7 km inland from the coast. A third watercourse, the Wadi Al Mashid, runs through the site. These perennial streams are spring-fed and are generally slow-flowing except after rain. Wadi al Mashid is particularly slow and meandering and is surrounded by muddy areas and wet flushes. Wadi Ramal feeds into a small (1 ha) saline lagoon just behind the beach. The site consists of rolling continental sand-dunes, with sandy beaches and rocky shores backed by low, eroded sandstone cliffs. There are extensive seagrass Poseidonia oceania beds in the marine zone. The dunes are sparsely vegetated with marram grass Ammophila arenaria and Tamarix spp. and there is a natural scrub vegetation and areas of open pasture in some of the interdune basins while, beyond the dunes, there are open grass plains with low thorn scrub. Communities of Typha and Juncus spp., along with Phragmites australis reedbeds, interspersed with the shrubby Tamarix spp., occur beside springs and ponds in the wadis. In Wadi Turghat reedbeds extend for 2 km from the river mouth. However, most of the vegetation within the reserve is introduced, with sand-stabilizing plantations of Acacia and Eucalyptus spp. the most widespread habitat. In addition, tamarisk Tamarix spp., poplar Populus spp., pine Pinus spp., Acacia tortilis, fig Ficus indica and date-palm Phoenix dactylifera have also been planted.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. To date, some 99 species have been recorded. More than 45 Larus audouinii were present in 1982. The site is particularly important for Palearctic passage migrants. In addition, one species of the Sahara–Sindian biome (A02) has been recorded (see Table 2).

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals of global conservation concern include Hyaena hyaena (LR/nt).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Karabolli National Park 15,000 is identical to site 15,000  

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

References Child (1978), Hufnagl (1972), Scott (1982, 1983b, c).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Karabolli. Downloaded from on 29/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife