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Location Lesotho, Mokhotlong
Central coordinates 29o 2.00' East  29o 8.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Area 80,000 ha
Altitude 2,500 - 3,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The site is centred on an area of near-vertical cliffs, where the upper reaches of the Senqu (Orange) river have incised deeply into the basalt layers. The surrounding highlands support a traditional pastoral economy with a low-density population. Approximately 35% of the surrounding area (within a 25 km radius) is cultivated, the remainder being open pasture. The vegetation is primarily montane grassland, but thick bush and scrub flank the lower gorge walls. High-altitude shrubs form a heath of Erica, Chrysocoma and Helichrysum. The summits are generally rocky with bare, shallow soil patches and extensive bare rock at higher altitudes.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra resident  3-5 breeding pairs    Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra winter  8-12 individuals    Least Concern 
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus resident  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres resident  70-90 breeding pairs  A1, A4ii  Vulnerable 
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres winter  180-240 individuals  A4ii  Vulnerable 
Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus resident  present [units unknown]  A1  Least Concern 
Layard's Warbler Sylvia layardi resident  1998    Least Concern 
Drakensberg Rockjumper Chaetops aurantius resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Sicklewing Chat Cercomela sinuata resident  1998    Least Concern 
Mountain Pipit Anthus hoeschi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Drakensberg Siskin Serinus symonsi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   6%
Shrubland   9%
Grassland   84%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
other -
Notes: Trapping and killing of birds (e.g. Gyps coprotheres, Bubo capensis, maybe Geronticus calvus) for cultural and medicinal uses (body parts).
not utilised -

Other biodiversity The alpine floral communities found in the Maloti/Drakensberg mountains are unique in southern Africa, holding a remarkable number of endemic species. A recent botanical survey of three valleys in the Maloti yielded many species that could not be identified and some may be new to science. Extremely rare and localized butterflies occur in the Senqu Valley region, including Torynesis pringlei (endemic), Metisella syrinx and Lepidochrysops loewensteini (VU). The high-altitude streams and seepages hold the Drakensberg-endemic frogs Strongylopus hymenopus and Amieta vertebralis. Near-threatened endemics such as the lizards Pseudocordylus langi (LR/nt) and P. spinosus (LR/nt) and the threatened mouse Mystromys albicaudatus (VU) are also known from this region. The extremely poorly known endemic and threatened small mammal Chlorotalpa sclateri (VU) may occur here.

References Allan et al. (1996), Bonde (1993), Brown (1992a,b), Donnay (1990), Jilbert (1979, 1982), Manry (1984, 1985a,b), Meakins et al. (1988), Mendelsohn (1984), Osborne and Tigar (1989, 1990, 1992a,b).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Upper Senqu River. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014

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