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Location Liberia, Grand Gedeh,Sinoe
Central coordinates 8o 30.00' West  5o 28.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 180,432 ha
Altitude 100 - 400m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Society for the Conservation of Nature of Liberia (Affiliate)



Site description Sapo National Park is located in south-east Liberia, some 70 km inland from the coastal town of Greenville. The park is an area of moist lowland rainforest, composed of 63% primary and mature secondary forest, 13% swamp-forest, 13% seasonally inundated forest and 11% young secondary forest. The terrain is undulating and low-lying, although Mount Putu in the north-east reaches 310 m and the steep ridges of the north reach 400 m. The park is drained in the west by the Sinoe river (or Pahneh Creek), which forms part of the western boundary, and the Dugbe river in the south-east.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gymnobucco calvus resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Guineafowl Agelastes meleagrides resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Turaco Tauraco macrorhynchus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Spinetail Telacanthura melanopygia resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus hartlaubi resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dwarf Hornbill Lophoceros camurus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes cylindricus resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata resident  1997  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-bellied Woodpecker Dendropicos pyrrhogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lagden's Bush-shrike Malaconotus lagdeni resident  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Large-billed Puffback Dryoscopus sabini resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-necked Picathartes Picathartes gymnocephalus resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Apalis Apalis sharpii resident  1997  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-tailed Bristlebill Bleda eximius resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Bearded Bulbul Criniger barbatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-bearded Greenbul Criniger olivaceus resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Rufous Warbler Bathmocercus cerviniventris resident  1997  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Illadopsis Illadopsis cleaveri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Illadopsis Illadopsis rufescens resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Ground-thrush Zoothera princei resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Forest Flycatcher Fraseria cinerascens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ussher's Flycatcher Muscicapa ussheri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-throated Sunbird Nectarinia adelberti resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maxwell's Black Weaver Ploceus albinucha resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gola Malimbe Malimbus ballmanni resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Red-vented Malimbe Malimbus scutatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Antpecker Parmoptila rubrifrons resident  1997  present  A3  Near Threatened 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sapo National Park 150,482 protected area contained by site 129,230  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Sapo National Park Site Support Group 2005

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   99%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
urban/industrial/transport -

Other biodiversity Mammals include Pan troglodytes (EN), Procolobus verus (LR/nt), Procolobus badius (LR/nt), Colobus polykomos (LR/nt), Cercopithecus diana (VU), Liberiictis kuhni (EN), Loxodonta africana (EN), Hexaprotodon liberiensis (VU), Cephalophus jentinki (VU), Tragelaphus euryceros (LR/nt) and Syncerus caffer (LR/cd).

References Carter (1987), Gatter (1997), Gatter and Gardner (1993), IUCN (1986), Robinson (1983), Stephens (1988), Verschuren (1983).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sapo National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife