|Location||Kenya, Nyanza Province|
|Central coordinates||34o 46.00' East 0o 19.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Koguta swamp is a wetland at the mouth of the Sondu-Miriu river, a few kilometres south-west of the Nyando river mouth on the shores of Lake Victoria. The vegetation consists mainly of reeds Phragmites spp. interspersed with patches of papyrus Cyperus papyrus and Vossia cuspidata. Koguta is flooded during the wet season, while during the dry season the area is heavily grazed and trampled by cattle and hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius.
Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. Chloropeta gracilirostris has been recorded here (but appears to be uncommon), one of six Lake Victoria Basin biome species that are known to occur, including the papyrus endemics Laniarius mufumbiri (relatively abundant), Bradypterus carpalis and Cisticola carruthersi.
Non-bird biodiversity: Little information is available. The ungulate Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt) and the snake Python sebae occur, but their status is unknown. Like other wetlands around the shores of Lake Victoria, Koguta is probably an important refuge for a number of the lake’s endemic haplochromine fish species.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri||resident||1999||present||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-winged Scrub-warbler Bradypterus carpalis||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris||resident||1999||present||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Sharpe's Pied-babbler Turdoides sharpei||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-chested Sunbird Nectarinia erythrocerca||resident||1999||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|2009||very high||very unfavourable||negligible|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Climate change and severe weather||storms and floods||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|Energy production and mining||renewable energy||likely in short term (within 4 years)||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||likely in short term (within 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Pollution||domestic and urban waste water||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Pollution||garbage and solid waste||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Residential and commercial development||housing and urban areas||likely in short term (within 4 years)||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Residential and commercial development||tourism and recreation areas||likely in short term (within 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Wetlands (inland)||0||0||moderate (70-90%)||poor (40-69%)||very unfavourable|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||negligible|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|Nyadek (Nyando Biodiversity Group)||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Permanent herbaceous swamps and bogs; Rivers & streams||100%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Papyrus cutting|
References Johnstone and Githongo (1997), Nasirwa and Njoroge (1997).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Koguta swamp. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/11/2014
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife