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Location Kenya, Coast Province
Central coordinates 39o 28.00' East  4o 6.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 150 ha
Altitude 140 - 200m
Year of IBA assessment 2001


Site description The Kayas are small, relict patches of forest that once sheltered the fortified villages of the Mijikenda people on the Kenyan coast. They have spiritual and ceremonial significance and are customarily protected by a Council of Elders. Kaya Gandini (also known as Takawa or Duruma, and sacred to the Duruma people) lies c.15 km east-north-east of Mombasa, near the town of Gandini, and overlooking the Mambome river. It is dry deciduous Cynometra–Terminalia forest. Kaya Mtswakara (247 ha), which is similar floristically, is situated c.2 km away across the Mambome river, and is in turn adjacent to Mwache Forest Reserve (c.345 ha), a somewhat wetter forest across the Mwache river. The Kaya was gazetted as a National Monument under the care of the National Museums of Kenya in 1992.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Fischer's Turaco Tauraco fischeri resident  1999  present  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Spotted Ground-thrush Zoothera guttata winter  1999  present  A1  Endangered 
Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi resident  1999  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Sokoke Pipit Anthus sokokensis resident  1999  present  A1, A2  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kaya Gandini Other Area 150 is identical to site 150  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Lowland forest - dry deciduous  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity The threatened small mammal Rhynchocyon petersi (EN) occurs here.

References Bennun and Njoroge (1996), Mlingwa et al. (2000), Robertson and Luke (1993), Waiyaki (1995), Waiyaki and Bennun (2000).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kaya Gandini. Downloaded from on 18/09/2014

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