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Location Kenya, Coast Province
Central coordinates 39o 28.00' East  4o 6.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 150 ha
Altitude 140 - 200m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

NatureKenya



Site description The Kayas are small, relict patches of forest that once sheltered the fortified villages of the Mijikenda people on the Kenyan coast. They have spiritual and ceremonial significance and are customarily protected by a Council of Elders. Kaya Gandini (also known as Takawa or Duruma, and sacred to the Duruma people) lies c.15 km east-north-east of Mombasa, near the town of Gandini, and overlooking the Mambome river. It is dry deciduous Cynometra–Terminalia forest. Kaya Mtswakara (247 ha), which is similar floristically, is situated c.2 km away across the Mambome river, and is in turn adjacent to Mwache Forest Reserve (c.345 ha), a somewhat wetter forest across the Mwache river. The Kaya was gazetted as a National Monument under the care of the National Museums of Kenya in 1992.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. This is a potentially important site for the threatened Zoothera guttata (a non-breeding visitor from March to October) and the threatened and restricted-range Anthus sokokensis (recently recorded and presumably resident in small numbers). The avifauna is not well studied but is typical of East African coastal forests. Species of regional concern include Pachycoccyx audeberti, Pogoniulus simplex, Campethera mombassica and Prionops scopifrons.

Non-bird biodiversity: The threatened small mammal Rhynchocyon petersi (EN) occurs here.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Fischer's Turaco Tauraco fischeri resident  1999  present  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Spotted Ground-thrush Zoothera guttata winter  1999  present  A1  Endangered 
Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi resident  1999  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Sokoke Pipit Anthus sokokensis resident  1999  present  A1, A2  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2008 high very unfavourable medium
  Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kaya Gandini Other Area 150 is identical to site 150  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Lowland forest - dry deciduous  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -

References Bennun and Njoroge (1996), Mlingwa et al. (2000), Robertson and Luke (1993), Waiyaki (1995), Waiyaki and Bennun (2000).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kaya Gandini. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014

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