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Location Kenya, Coast Province
Central coordinates 40o 3.00' East  3o 18.00' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 44 ha
Altitude 15 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001


Site description Gede lies some 94 km north of Mombasa on the Mombasa–Malindi road. A gazetted National Monument since 1927, now managed by the National Museums of Kenya, it protects the excavated ruins of an old Arab-African town, abandoned in the seventeenth century. Over the ruins, on the shallow coral rag soil, has grown a lowland semi-deciduous forest, maintained by a rainfall of around 1,100 mm/year. The 44 ha site, surrounded by farmland, is entirely fenced, and contains around 35 ha of coastal forest, traversed by narrow paths that wind between the excavated buildings. At least 50 indigenous tree species occur, including Gyrocarpus americanus and Sterculia appendiculata. The edge of Arabuko-Sokoke forest (IBA KE007) is c.3 km away to the west.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus resident  1999  present [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Fischer's Turaco Tauraco fischeri resident  1999  present [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
African Green-tinkerbird Pogoniulus simplex resident  1999    Least Concern 
Chestnut-fronted Helmet-shrike Prionops scopifrons unknown  1999  unknown [units unknown]    Least Concern 
Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor resident  1999    Least Concern 
Yellow Flycatcher Erythrocercus holochlorus resident  1999    Least Concern 
Fischer's Greenbul Phyllastrephus fischeri resident  1999    Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  1999    Least Concern 
Spotted Ground-thrush Zoothera guttata winter  present [units unknown]  A1  Endangered 
Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi resident  1999  present [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Mouse-coloured Sunbird Nectarinia veroxii resident  1999    Least Concern 
Sokoke Pipit Anthus sokokensis unknown  1999  unknown [units unknown]  A1  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gede Ruins National Monument Other Area 44 is identical to site 44  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Lowland forest - mondom moist evgn & semi-evgn  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
water management -

Other biodiversity The small mammal Rhynchocyon chrysopygus (EN), endemic to the northern East African coast, occurs here, formerly at high densities. The plant Phaulopsis gediensis has recently been described from this site.

References Bennun (1985, 1987, 1992c), Faden and Faden (1972), Fanshawe (1994), FitzGibbon (1994), Gerhardt and Steiner (1986), Kirkman (1975), Mlingwa et al. (2000), Nicoll and Rathbun (1990), Rathbun (1978, 1979a,b), Robertson (1994), Robertson and Luke (1993), Robertson and Ngonyo (1998).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gede Ruins National Monument. Downloaded from on 18/04/2014

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