|Location||Kenya, Coast Province|
|Central coordinates||40o 3.00' East 3o 18.00' South|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Gede lies some 94 km north of Mombasa on the Mombasa–Malindi road. A gazetted National Monument since 1927, now managed by the National Museums of Kenya, it protects the excavated ruins of an old Arab-African town, abandoned in the seventeenth century. Over the ruins, on the shallow coral rag soil, has grown a lowland semi-deciduous forest, maintained by a rainfall of around 1,100 mm/year. The 44 ha site, surrounded by farmland, is entirely fenced, and contains around 35 ha of coastal forest, traversed by narrow paths that wind between the excavated buildings. At least 50 indigenous tree species occur, including Gyrocarpus americanus and Sterculia appendiculata. The edge of Arabuko-Sokoke forest (IBA KE007) is c.3 km away to the west.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus||resident||1999||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Fischer's Turaco Tauraco fischeri||resident||1999||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Spotted Ground-thrush Zoothera guttata||winter||-||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi||resident||1999||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Sokoke Pipit Anthus sokokensis||unknown||1999||unknown||-||A1||Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Gede Ruins National Monument||Other Area||44||is identical to site||44|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Lowland forest - mondom moist evgn & semi-evgn||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity The small mammal Rhynchocyon chrysopygus (EN), endemic to the northern East African coast, occurs here, formerly at high densities. The plant Phaulopsis gediensis has recently been described from this site.
References Bennun (1985, 1987, 1992c), Faden and Faden (1972), Fanshawe (1994), FitzGibbon (1994), Gerhardt and Steiner (1986), Kirkman (1975), Mlingwa et al. (2000), Nicoll and Rathbun (1990), Rathbun (1978, 1979a,b), Robertson (1994), Robertson and Luke (1993), Robertson and Ngonyo (1998).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gede Ruins National Monument. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014
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