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Location Kenya, Coast Province
Central coordinates 39o 51.00' East  3o 1.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 32,000 ha
Altitude 90 - 230m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

NatureKenya



Site description Dakatcha is an extensive tract of relatively intact coastal woodland, north of the Sabaki river and between 25 and 50 km inland from the coast. The vegetation is similar to that on the western boundary of Arabuko-Sokoke forest (IBA KE007). The landscape is gently undulating, with woodland dominated by Brachystegia spiciformis in the valleys and on the slopes, and Brachylaena huillensis–Cynometra webberi associations on top of the low hills, on red Magarini sands. Much of the useful Brachylaena has already been cut, since it is in great demand as a long-burning, smokeless fuelwood and for carving. There has also been extensive clearance of the hilltops for pineapple cultivation. The IBA covers two, nearly adjoining tracts of woodland: one of c.25,000 ha, north-west of Baricho town, up to and beyond the Galana Ranch boundary, and extending to the base of Dakabuko Hill; and the other of 7,000 ha, north and west of Marafa town. These (along with another tract, Adu, covering 15,000 ha north and west of Adu village, c.22 km north of Marafa), have been proposed as Forest Reserves in the Kilifi District Forestry Master Plan. Galana Ranch is the property of the Agricultural Development Corporation.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Dakatcha appears to hold substantial populations of Anthus sokokensis and Ploceus golandi. Both these species possibly breed here. This is the only site outside Arabuko-Sokoke where P. golandi is known to occur, although its breeding grounds are undiscovered. The remainder of the avifauna is typical of the northern East African coastal forests, with at least half of Kenya’s East African Coast biome species, though lacking some forest-specialist species found in nearby Arabuko-Sokoke.

Non-bird biodiversity: There is little information on other fauna: the mammal Loxodonta africana (EN) occurs, and Rhynchocyon chrysopygus (EN) is likely to. At least 11 plant taxa in this area are globally or nationally rare, including Monadenium invenustum, Pavetta linearifolia and Eulophia serrata.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Brown-breasted Barbet Pogonornis melanopterus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus resident  1999  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Turaco Tauraco fischeri resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Mangrove Kingfisher Halcyon senegaloides resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mombasa Woodpecker Campethera mombassica resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Batis Batis soror resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-fronted Helmet-shrike Prionops scopifrons resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Babbler Turdoides squamulata resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-coloured Sunbird Nectarinia veroxii resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Clarke's Weaver Ploceus golandi resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Zanzibar Bishop Euplectes nigroventris resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Malindi Pipit Anthus melindae resident  1999  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sokoke Pipit Anthus sokokensis resident  1999  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high unfavourable low
Habitat
Unknown

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Dakatcha Woodland Conservation Group 2007

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Woodland - monodominant  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

References Forest Department (1992), Mlingwa et al. (in press), Robertson and Luke (1993), Jackson (2000).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dakatcha Woodland. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014

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