|Location||Kenya, Central Province,Rift Valley Province|
|Central coordinates||36o 33.78' East 0o 39.18' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||2,400 - 2,700m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description These montane grasslands lie on the Kinangop Plateau, a wide stretch of land bounded by the forests of the Aberdare mountains (IBA KE001) and Kikuyu Escarpment (KE004) to the east and south, and by a steep scarp dropping to the Rift Valley floor on the west. To the west and north, the IBA boundary follows the 2,400 m contour. Rainfall averages c.1,000 mm/year, but the southern part is wetter than the north, which lies in the rain shadow of the Aberdares. The landscape is generally flat, sloping gently upwards to the base of the Aberdare mountains, but dissected by valleys bearing streams that drain into the Malewa and Karati rivers (see Lake Naivasha, KE048). Originally, the entire plateau was covered with almost treeless, tussocky grassland, including many tussock bogs in the swampy valleys. Characteristic tussock grasses include Andropogon amethystinus, Cymbopogon nardus, Digitaria diagonalis, Eleusine jaegeri, Eragrostis botruodes, Hyparrhenia hirta, H. tamba and Pennisetum hohenackeri. Since the 1960s the area has been settled by the Kikuyu people, whose livelihood revolves around small-scale farming. Large areas of land have been ploughed for cultivation (mainly maize, wheat, cabbages and potatoes) or to remove the tussock grass species, which livestock find unpalatable. Woodlots of introduced trees, such as Eucalyptus globulus, Acacia mearnsii, Pinus radiata and Cupressus lusitanica, now dot the landscape. Many of the wetlands have been drained, directly or by planting water-thirsty exotic trees.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus||passage||-||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Nyanza Swift Apus niansae||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Hunter's Cisticola Cisticola hunteri||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Aberdare Cisticola Cisticola aberdare||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Endangered|
|Brown Warbler Sylvia lugens||resident||1999||-||-||Least Concern|
|Jackson's Widowbird Euplectes jacksoni||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Sharpe's Longclaw Macronyx sharpei||resident||1999||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Endangered|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|Friends of Kinangop Plateau||1999|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Arable land||50%|
|Grassland||Grassland - montane||50%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||minor|
|Notes: Nature Kenya has purchased 90ha of the Nature reserve as a long term incentive to conserve the population of Sharpe's Longclaw.|
Other biodiversity The fauna and flora of these grasslands have been little studied. Very few large wild mammals survive on the Kinangop, but many smaller species that are confined to highland grassland can be expected. The frogs Hyperolius montanus and Phrynobatrachus kinangopensis and the snake Bitis worthingtonii are recorded only in Kinangop and a few other sites in the Kenyan highlands. Hyperolius montanus was considered secure in 1980, but it is a montane grassland species and may now be under threat.
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References Bennun and Njoroge (1996), Lens (1995), Lens et al. (2000, in press), Muchai (1997), Muchai et al. (in press a,b), Ndang’ang’a (2001), Rayment and Pisano (2000).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kinangop grasslands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/03/2014
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