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Location Guinea-Bissau, Quinara,Tombali
Central coordinates 15o 20.00' West  11o 15.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 69,615 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description This site is situated on the south-east coast, near the town of Catió, and consists of the estuary of Rio Tombali, the coastal mudflats between the mouths of the Rio Tombali and the Rio Cumbijã and the Ilha de Melo which lies between the mouths of the Rio Cumbijã and the Rio Cacine, immediately to the east. The site includes 32,500 ha of sandflats and mudflats and c.45,000 ha of mangroves and drier woodland and forest.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis breeding  1983  300 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Pink-backed Pelican Pelecanus rufescens winter  1983  1,250 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
African Darter Anhinga rufa breeding  1983  300 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus winter  6,400 individuals  A4i  Not Recognised 
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola winter  9,800 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula winter  13,400 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Redshank Tringa totanus winter  4,700 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica winter  28,200 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus winter  13,900 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres winter  1,200 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Red Knot Calidris canutus winter  40,600 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Little Stint Calidris minuta winter  13,600 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea winter  25,200 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata resident  1997  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Woodpecker Campethera maculosa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bearded Bulbul Criniger barbatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  100,000-499,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   8%
Unknown   6%
Forest   84%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

Other biodiversity The mammal Trichechus senegalensis (VU) occurs.

References Ledant (1985), Maretti and Sales (1994), Zwarts (1988).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rio Tombali, Rio Cumbijã and Ilha de Melo. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife