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Location Guinea-Bissau, Quinara
Central coordinates 15o 5.00' West  11o 43.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 89,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 40m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The Parque Natural das Lagoas de Cufada is located in central southern Guinea-Bissau, immediately north and west of the town of Buba. The area is bordered to the north by the lower reaches of the Rio Corubal, to the south by the upper reaches of the Rio Grande de Buba and, to the west, by one of its tributaries, the Rio de Fulacunda. The proposed National Park includes the Lagoa de Cufada, two other freshwater lagoons and surrounding forest and savanna areas. Included are 37,700 ha of forest, within which are two sacred groves of primary forest, and 26,000 ha of savanna. The Lagoa de Cufada itself covers 413.5 ha and is a shallow (less than 1.5 m in the dry season), permanent, eutrophic freshwater lake in the flood-plain of the Rio Corubal. The site also includes two smaller freshwater lakes, Lagoa de Bionra (32.5 ha, permanent) and Lagoa de Bedasse (18.7 ha, seasonal), the seasonally flooded marshes between these lakes and the Rio Corubal and about a 14 km stretch of the south side of the river, which is fringed by a 10–30 m wide strip of mangrove and extensive mudflats. The aquatic vegetation of the lakes includes an abundance of Nymphaea sp. which covers most of the shallower areas. Average annual rainfall in the east of the area is 1,850–2,150 mm and in the west is 2,150–2,500 mm.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. Waterbird counts have recorded 44 species and included, in 1995, 1,195 Nettapus auritus.

Non-bird biodiversity: The following mammals have been recorded: Pan troglodytes (EN), Colobus polykomus (LR/nt) Procolobus badius (LR/nt), Kobus kob (LR/cd), Cephalophus dorsalis (LR/nt) and Trichechus senegalensis (VU). The crocodile Osteolaemus tetrapsis (VU) also occurs.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-legged Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-bellied Roller Coracias cyanogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Grey-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes subcylindricus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata resident  1997  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dendropicos gabonensis resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Little Green Woodpecker Campethera maculosa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Turati's Boubou Laniarius turatii resident  1997  present  A1, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fanti Saw-wing Psalidoprocne obscura resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Puvel's Illadopsis Illadopsis puveli resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Babbler Turdoides reinwardii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Capuchin Babbler Phyllanthus atripennis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Glossy-starling Lamprotornis purpureus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-fronted Black-chat Myrmecocichla albifrons resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Forest Flycatcher Fraseria cinerascens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ussher's Flycatcher Muscicapa ussheri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-brown Sunbird Anthreptes gabonicus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Splendid Sunbird Nectarinia coccinigaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Petronia Petronia dentata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Pytilia Pytilia phoenicoptera resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crimson Seedcracker Pyrenestes sanguineus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2001 high not assessed not assessed
unset
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lagoa de Cufada Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 39,098 protected area contained by site 39,098  
Lagoas de Cufada Natural Park 89,000 protected area contained by site 68,854  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   14%
Unknown   25%
Forest   59%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -

References Araújo (1994), Araújo et al. (1998), Jones (1993), Maretti and Sales (1994), Scott and Pineau (1990).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lagoas de Cufada. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife