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Location Guinea, Nzérékoré
Central coordinates 9o 20.00' West  8o 22.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 116,170 ha
Altitude 500 - 1,387m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The Massif du Ziama Biosphere Reserve forms part of the Guinea Highlands in the south-east of the country, situated 40 km south-east of the town of Macenta and 100 km north-west of Nzérékoré. Part of the western boundary is contiguous with the Wonegizi mountains in Liberia (IBA LR002). Much of the terrain is extremely rugged. The whole area was forested originally, but primary forest now remains only in the remote upland parts of the south-west, next to the Liberian border. Most of the remainder, including the valleys, is now secondary forest, dominated by Parinari and Erythrophleum spp. There are also areas of swamp and of wooded savanna on lateritic outcrops of the high plateaux. The core zone of the reserve covers 60,000 ha, outside of which is a buffer zone. Annual rainfall is in the range 1,700–2,000 mm.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ahanta Francolin Pternistis ahantensis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-legged Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Turaco Tauraco macrorhynchus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Fishing-owl Scotopelia ussheri resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Merops muelleri resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus castaneiceps resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus hartlaubi resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Brown-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes cylindricus resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata resident  1997  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dendropicos gabonensis resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Little Green Woodpecker Campethera maculosa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-bellied Woodpecker Dendropicos pyrrhogaster resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-cheeked Wattle-eye Platysteira blissetti resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fiery-breasted Bush-shrike Malaconotus cruentus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Puffback Dryoscopus sabini resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Wattled Cuckooshrike Campephaga lobata resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-necked Picathartes Picathartes gymnocephalus resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tit-hylia Pholidornis rushiae resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fanti Saw-wing Psalidoprocne obscura resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Apalis Apalis nigriceps resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Apalis Apalis sharpii resident  1997  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bearded Bulbul Criniger barbatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-bearded Greenbul Criniger olivaceus resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Rufous Warbler Bathmocercus cerviniventris resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Kemp's Longbill Macrosphenus kempi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Illadopsis Illadopsis cleaveri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Puvel's Illadopsis Illadopsis puveli resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Capuchin Babbler Phyllanthus atripennis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-shouldered Robin-chat Cossypha cyanocampter resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nimba Flycatcher Melaenornis annamarulae resident  1997  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Ussher's Flycatcher Muscicapa ussheri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olivaceous Flycatcher Muscicapa olivascens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa epulata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-throated Sunbird Nectarinia adelberti resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Johanna's Sunbird Nectarinia johannae resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Maxwell's Black Weaver Ploceus albinucha resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Preuss's Weaver Ploceus preussi resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-vented Malimbe Malimbus scutatus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Antpecker Parmoptila rubrifrons resident  1997  present  A3  Near Threatened 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crimson Seedcracker Pyrenestes sanguineus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gymnobucco calvus resident  1997  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  1997  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Massif du Ziama Classified Forest 116,170 protected area contained by site 119  
Réserve de la biosphère du Massif du Ziama UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 116,170 is identical to site 116,170  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   18%
Unknown   37%
Forest   43%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -

Other biodiversity Mammals which occur, or which used to do so, include Loxodonta africana (EN), Cercopithecus diana (VU), Procolobus badius (LR/nt), Procolobus verus (LR/nt), Colobus polykomos (LR/nt), Cercocebus atys (LR/nt), Pan troglodytes (EN), Papio papio (LR/nt), Cephalophus dorsalis (LR/nt), Cephalophus jentinck (VU), Cephalophus niger (LR/nt), Cephalophus sylvicultor (LR/nt), Tragelaphus euryceros (LR/nt), Hyemoschus aquaticus (DD), Neotragus pygmaeus (LR/nt), Hexaprotodon liberiensis (VU) and Hylochoerus meinertzhageni (VU).

References Bourque (1993), Bützler (1996), Halleux (1994), WCMC/IUCN (1986).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Massif du Ziama. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2014

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