|Location||Gambia, North Bank Division|
|Central coordinates||16o 30.00' West 13o 34.00' North|
|Altitude||0 - 20m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description This coastal park is located in the north-west corner of the country and extends from just outside the town of Barra to the northern border with Senegal, where it is contiguous with the Delta du Saloum National Park (IBA SN013). Ginak Island, included in the park, and separated from the mainland by the Niji Bolon channel, has some 15 km of narrow, sandy beaches facing the Atlantic, backed by sand-dunes. The island also has a small coastal lagoon, seasonally wet saltmarshes, narrow Rhizophora mangrove bordering the bolon, mudflats and rice-fields. The remainder of the island is degraded savanna woodland or arable. The dominant crop is Cannabis sativa. The mainland section of the park has more extensive, tall Rhizophora mangrove forest either side of the larger Massarinko Bolon and further small areas of saltmarsh and mudflats. There are two small villages in the park, both on Ginak Island.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Slender-billed Gull Larus genei||winter||-||180 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Caspian Tern Sterna caspia||winter||-||500 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Royal Tern Sterna maxima||winter||-||2,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis||winter||-||2,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Niumi||National Park||0||is identical to site||4,940|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||48%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Mammals of global conservation concern include Procolobus badius temminckii (EN) while Trichechus senegalensis (VU) may still occur. The turtle Chelonia mydas (EN) has been recorded and there is some evidence of breeding. Offshore, there is a small population of the dolphin Sousa teuszii (DD) which moves between Niumi and the Delta du Saloum.
References DPWM (1997, 2000).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Niumi National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/03/2014
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