email a friend
printable version
Location Gambia, Western Division
Central coordinates 16o 32.00' West  13o 17.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 64 ha
Altitude 30 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description Pirang is a fenced, isolated patch of forest 45 km from Banjul on the southern edge of the Gambia River, less than a kilometre from the riverbank. It is, after Abuko (GM001), the second-largest fragment of semi-evergreen forest in the country. It is surrounded on three sides by cropland and fallow and, on the northern side, by Avicennia mangrove. The forest is in a shallow depression such that the water-table is close to the surface for much of the year. Half of the site is closed-canopy forest, 25 to 35 m high, in which the dominant canopy species are Elais guineensis, Ficus pseudomangifera, Dialium guineense, Pseudospondias microcarpa and Parinari excelsa. The remainder of the forest has been partly cleared and has an abundance of lianas. Paths run through the site to link the nearby villages of Pirang and Bonto, whose populations are permitted to gather local products and dead wood for fuel from the forest.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for species. Pirang is relatively well studied ornithologically, and holds the second-richest assemblage in the country of species characteristic of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome. New forest species continue to be discovered, including breeding Sarothrura pulchra in 1991 and Illadopsis puveli, for which this is the only Gambian site, in 1993. Other characteristic forest species with nationally important populations here include Tauraco persa, Bleda canicapilla, Sylvietta virens and Spermophaga haematina. There is a nationally significant roost of Balearica pavonina just outside the forest park. In addition, one species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome occurs; see Table 2.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals of global conservation concern include Procolobus badius temminckii (EN).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ahanta Francolin Pternistis ahantensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-legged Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus resident  1998  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tockus fasciatus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fanti Saw-wing Psalidoprocne obscura resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  1998  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  1998  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Puvel's Illadopsis Illadopsis puveli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-brown Sunbird Anthreptes gabonicus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  1998  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Pirang Forest Park 64 is identical to site 64  

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection; gathering natural products.

References Ellenberg et al. (1988), Wacher (1993).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pirang Forest Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife