|Location||Ghana, Greater Accra|
|Central coordinates||0o 3.00' West 5o 37.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||0 - 5m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The site is situated beside the coastal road linking Accra and Tema, c.3 km west of Tema township. The size of the open lagoon varies from 100–350 ha depending on the season. The lagoon is separated from the sea by a narrow sand-dune, on which the Accra–Tema road is built, and is connected to the sea by a small, non-functional (permanently open) sluice, constructed to prevent flooding of the coastal road. Large portions of the lagoon dry up in the dry season, resulting in hyper-saline conditions. The flood-plain is periodically inundated and the flooded areas are largely devoid of vegetation. There are also areas of freshwater marsh and coastal savanna grassland, the latter composed mainly of Sesuvium portulacastrum with various grass species associations. Land-use in the catchment includes rice, cassava and vegetable cultivation. The lagoon has been heavily overfished.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. Seventy species of waterbird have been recorded at the site with estimated maximum numbers of some 30,000 birds. Other common species include Egretta garzetta, E. gularis, Glareola pratincola, Charadrius hiaticula and Sterna hirundo. Breeding waterbird include G. pratincola, Charadrius pecuarius and Sterna albifrons.
Non-bird biodiversity: Three species of marine turtle Lepidochelys olivacea, Chelonia mydas and Dermochelys coriacea (all EN) have been recorded nesting on the beach.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus||winter||-||3,280 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis||winter||-||2,600 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Black Tern Chlidonias niger||winter||-||1,750 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||-||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|2001||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Biological resource use||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Pollution||domestic & urban waste water - sewage||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Residential and commercial development||housing and urban areas||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sakumo Lagoon||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||1,340||protected area contained by site||1,340|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
References Ntiamoa-Baidu (1991), Ntiamoa-Baidu and Gordon (1991).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sakumo Lagoon Ramsar Site and vicinity. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/04/2016
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