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Location Ghana, Central
Central coordinates 0o 40.00' West  5o 19.00' North
IBA criteria A3, A4i
Area 9,500 ha
Altitude 0 - 290m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Ghana Wildlife Society



Site description The site is situated to the west of the coastal town of Winneba, approximately 55 km west of Accra. The northern part comprises two protected areas, Yenku A and B Forest Reserves, covering 10% of the site, while the traditional hunting areas of the Efutu people make up another 15%. Also included is the catchment of three seasonal streams, the Pratu, the Boaku and the Muni, which drain into Muni lagoon. This lagoon, its surrounding flood-plains and the adjacent sandy beach, constitute the southern part of the site. It is a shallow, saline, semi-closed, coastal lagoon, with a surface area of c.300 ha. Reports indicate that during the rains the lagoon fills up completely and spills over to flood the surrounding area about once every 10 years. At such times, the villagers dig a canal to open the entrance to the sea and the excess water is released.The catchment is a gentle undulating plain bordered to the north and the north-east by the Yenku Hills (290 m) and in the south-west by the Egyasimanku Hills (205 m). The hill-slopes facing the lagoon are fairly steep. The lagoon shoreline is covered with Sesuvium portulacastrum, Paspalum vaginatum and Sporolobus virginicus, successively, up the sides of the dunes. The dunes themselves are planted with coconut-palm Cocos nucifera. The vegetation in the northern part of the wetland includes mangroves, with Typha australis, Ludwigia erecta and other typical freshwater hydrophytes occurring further inland. The vegetation in the upland areas is dominated by grassland and thickets, a Eucalyptus plantation, as well as forest vegetation in various stages of maturity.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ahanta Francolin Pternistis ahantensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus winter  3,200 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis winter  2,230 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo winter  8,210 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Black Tern Chlidonias niger winter  6,570 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-cheeked Wattle-eye Platysteira blissetti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kemp's Longbill Macrosphenus kempi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Puvel's Illadopsis Illadopsis puveli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-throated Sunbird Nectarinia adelberti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Muni Lagoon Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 8,670 protected area contained by site 8,670  
Yenku Forest Reserve 2,124 protected area contained by site 2,124  

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection.

Other biodiversity Three species of marine turtle Lepidochelys olivacea, Chelonia mydas and Dermochelys coriacea (all EN) are reported to nest on the beaches.

References Ntiamoa-Baidu (1991), Ntiamoa-Baidu, Nyame and Nuoh (2000), Ntiamoa-Baidu, Owusu and Daramani (2000), Ryan and Ntiamoa-Baidu (2000).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Muni-Pomadze Ramsar Site. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife