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Location Ghana, Brong-Ahafo,Northern
Central coordinates 2o 15.00' West  8o 15.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 18,210 ha
Altitude 120 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Ghana Wildlife Society

Site description Bui National Park is situated in the centre-west of the country, against the international frontier with Côte d’Ivoire, and is bisected by the Black Volta river which separates the northern third, in the Northern Region, from the southern sector, in the Brong-Ahafo Region. The southern section is accessible from the Wenchi–Menji–Bongase road, whilst the northern sector is reached from the Wenchi–Bamboi–Wa road. The vegetation of both sectors is predominantly savanna woodland, with areas of grassland and patches of riparian forest along the Black Volta river and other small rivers in the park. These riverine forests are the best-preserved such forests remaining along the Black Volta and, probably, the only such forest left in the entire Volta system. Common tree species include Butyrospermum paradoxum, Parkia clappertoniana, Daniella oliveri and Isoberlina doka with the last three species dominant in savanna woodland. The park is, perhaps, the least developed in Ghana, although it has been in existence for three decades.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. A total of 94 species were recorded in a two-week survey, including 10 species of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome; see Table 3. Bucorvus abyssinicus and Eupodotis senegalensis occur in the Park.

Non-bird biodiversity: Two threatened species of crocodile, Osteolaemus tetraspis (VU) and Crocodylus cataphractus (DD), occur in the Black Volta. The park is particularly noted for the resident population of Hippopotamus amphibius and contains the largest of the only two viable populations in Ghana.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Senegal Parrot Poicephalus senegalus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Robin-chat Cossypha albicapilla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Masked-weaver Ploceus heuglini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bearded Barbet Pogonornis dubius resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bui National Park 182,060 protected area contains site 18,210  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   98%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

References Bennet and Basuglo (1998).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bui National Park. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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