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Location Ghana, Central
Central coordinates 1o 19.00' West  5o 26.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 36,600 ha
Altitude 135 - 250m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Ghana Wildlife Society



Site description Kakum National Park and the contiguous Assin Attandanso Resource Reserve are situated in the Central Region, about 30 minutes drive north of Cape Coast. Together, the two sites protect some 36,600 ha of moist evergreen forest (Kakum 21,200 ha, Assin Attandanso 15,400 ha). The terrain is generally flat with some hills in the south-western corner. The greater part of the site has been selectively logged. Kakum was logged from at least 1975 to 1989, while logging in Assin Attandanso was continuous from 1975 to 1988. The recently logged areas currently support a thick undergrowth, vine tangles and regenerating secondary forest, but good forest still remains in other areas, with a well-developed canopy and a comparatively open understorey.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. The site is one of the best-studied in Ghana with 266 species known to occur and a further 56 reported to do so, but requiring confirmation. The eight species of global conservation concern include Agelastes meleagrides which, however, occurs only in very low numbers due to past heavy hunting pressure. Nine species of hornbill have been recorded and Psittacus erithacus are commonly seen, mornings and evenings, flying overhead between roosting and feeding sites.

Non-bird biodiversity: Oates et al. (1997) report more frequent encounters with monkeys at Kakum than at any other site surveyed in Ghana. Species present included Colobus vellerosus (VU), Procolobus verus (LR/nt) and, possibly, Cercopithecus diana roloway (CR). The site is also reported to have the highest density of Loxodonta africana cyclotis (EN) recorded nationally.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gymnobucco calvus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Bristle-nosed Barbet Gymnobucco peli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Guineafowl Agelastes meleagrides resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ahanta Francolin Pternistis ahantensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Duck Pteronetta hartlaubii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Tiger-heron Tigriornis leucolopha resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-legged Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-throated Rail Canirallus oculeus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Lovebird Agapornis swindernianus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Green Turaco Tauraco persa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Turaco Tauraco macrorhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bubo poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Sandy Scops-owl Otus icterorhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Akun Eagle-owl Bubo leucostictus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Spinetail Telacanthura melanopygia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy Bee-eater Merops malimbicus breeding  2000  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus castaneiceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus hartlaubi resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dwarf Hornbill Lophoceros camurus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes subcylindricus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes cylindricus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-footed Honeyguide Melignomon eisentrauti resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Data Deficient 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Woodpecker Campethera maculosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-bellied Woodpecker Dendropicos pyrrhogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-cheeked Wattle-eye Platysteira blissetti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Puffback Dryoscopus sabini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty Boubou Laniarius leucorhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Cuckooshrike Coracina azurea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Tit Parus funereus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tit-hylia Pholidornis rushiae resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fanti Saw-wing Psalidoprocne obscura resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Apalis Apalis nigriceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Apalis Apalis sharpii resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Leaf-love Pyrrhurus scandens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-tailed Bristlebill Bleda eximius resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bearded Bulbul Criniger barbatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-bearded Greenbul Criniger olivaceus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Yellow-spotted Nicator Nicator chloris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kemp's Longbill Macrosphenus kempi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-bellied Crombec Sylvietta denti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Illadopsis Illadopsis cleaveri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Illadopsis Illadopsis rufescens resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Copper-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis cupreocauda resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ussher's Flycatcher Muscicapa ussheri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olivaceous Flycatcher Muscicapa olivascens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa epulata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Green Sunbird Nectarinia seimundi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-throated Sunbird Nectarinia adelberti resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Sunbird Nectarinia minulla resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Superb Sunbird Nectarinia superba resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Preuss's Weaver Ploceus preussi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-vented Malimbe Malimbus scutatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Antpecker Parmoptila rubrifrons resident  2000  present  A3  Near Threatened 
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconotus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita bicolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Assin-Attandanso Game Production Reserve 13,986 protected area contained by site 13,986  
Kakum National Park 20,700 protected area contained by site 20,700  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   3%
Unknown   6%
Forest   90%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

References Byskov (1992), Coles (1994), Daramani (1990), Moyer (1995), Oates et al. (1997), Roell et al. (1993).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kakum National Park - Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife