email a friend
printable version
Location Ghana, Western
Central coordinates 2o 30.00' West  4o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 5,035 ha
Altitude 91 - 152m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Ghana Wildlife Society



Site description Cape Three Points reserve is located near Princes Town in the Western Region of Ghana. The scenic beauty of the area and proximity of forest to the sea (c.3 km from the coast) make it nationally unique. The site has a series of small hills with altitudes varying between 91–152 m and is drained by only one river, the Nyan. The eastern part of the reserve adjoins rubber plantations and there are farms in the surrounding unreserved forest, while seven occur in the reserve itself. Although there has been some illegal felling of trees for fish smoking, a large proportion of the reserve (some 3,200 ha of the northern part) remains intact. The reserve has been extensively studied botanically, with plant collections dating from as far back as 1780. Mean annual rainfall in the area is c.1,400 mm.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Forest Francolin Peliperdix lathami resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Psittacus erithacus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Yellow-billed Turaco Tauraco macrorhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Coucal Centropus leucogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Kingfisher Corythornis leucogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus castaneiceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bycanistes fistulator resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tropicranus albocristatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus fasciatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Tockus hartlaubi resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Dwarf Hornbill Lophoceros camurus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata resident  2000  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dendropicos gabonensis resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-bellied Woodpecker Dendropicos pyrrhogaster resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Helmet-shrike Prionops caniceps resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Large-billed Puffback Dryoscopus sabini resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Crested-flycatcher Elminia nigromitrata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Blue Swallow Hirundo nigrita resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Apalis Apalis sharpii resident  2000  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Greenbul Calyptocichla serina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swamp Greenbul Thescelocichla leucopleura resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Icterine Greenbul Phyllastrephus icterinus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-tailed Bristlebill Bleda eximius resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-headed Bristlebill Bleda canicapillus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bearded Bulbul Criniger barbatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-tailed Bulbul Criniger calurus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-bearded Greenbul Criniger olivaceus resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green Hylia Hylia prasina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackcap Illadopsis Illadopsis cleaveri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Illadopsis Illadopsis rufescens resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Copper-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis cupreocauda resident  2000  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Alethe diademata resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Forest Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird Anthreptes fraseri resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Nectarinia cyanolaema resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gray's Malimbe Malimbus nitens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bluebill Spermophaga haematina resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gymnobucco calvus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Trachyphonus purpuratus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Bristle-nosed Barbet Gymnobucco peli resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cape Three Points Forest Reserve 5,102 protected area contains site 5,035  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   10%
Unknown   20%
Forest   69%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
urban/industrial/transport -
water management -

Other biodiversity Mammals reported include Cercocebus atys lunulatus (CR), Cercopithecus diana roloway (CR) and Tragelaphus eurycerus (LR/nt).

References Hawthorne and Abu-Juam (1995), Holbech (1996).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cape Three Points Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife