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Location Ethiopia, Somali
Central coordinates 41o 32.00' East  4o 31.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 430,000 ha
Altitude 350 - 450m
Year of IBA assessment 1996

Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society



Site description Bogol Manyo is in the Genale river basin in El Kere Zone, and close to the junction of the Ethiopian, Kenyan and Somalia borders. The area is crossed by the track from Negele to Dolo on the border with Somalia. The site covers the area from c.30 km north-west of Bogol Manyo (towards Filtu), to Dolo, south-east of Bogol Manyo on the border with Somalia. The area is dry, with an annual rainfall of around 200 mm, most of which falls in April or May. The underlying rock and outcrops are limestone. Small trees (3–4 m high) and shrubs cover much of the area, but for most of the year the plants are leafless and the ground has little cover. This apparent bareness and uniformity hides a considerable diversity in the flora, much of which is unique to this area of Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya. For example, one of the most important groups in the area is Commiphora, the diverse group of trees that produces gums and resins such as kerbie or myrrh. In many species the resin is heavily scented and burnt as incense, although in some it is poisonous and used on arrows or to remove external parasites, particularly ticks, from cattle. The Somali peoples that inhabit the area are pastoralists, depending on camels, cattle, sheep and goats. The other major economic activity in the area is the collection of gums and resins from the various Commiphora and Boswellia species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Buff-crested Bustard Lophotis gindiana resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Collared-dove Streptopelia reichenowi resident  1996  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Sombre Nightjar Caprimulgus fraenatus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar Caprimulgus donaldsoni resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Star-spotted Nightjar Caprimulgus stellatus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Mousebird Colius leucocephalus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Bee-eater Merops revoilii resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pygmy Batis Batis perkeo resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy-patched Bush-shrike Rhodophoneus cruentus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Three-streaked Tchagra Tchagra jamesi resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pringle's Puffback Dryoscopus pringlii resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-naped Bush-shrike Laniarius ruficeps resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Taita Fiscal Lanius dorsalis resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-coloured Penduline-tit Anthoscopus musculus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Gillett's Lark Mirafra gilletti resident  1996  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Boran Cisticola Cisticola bodessa resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-vented Eremomela Eremomela flavicrissalis resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Short-billed Crombec Sylvietta philippae resident  1996  present  A1, A3  Data Deficient 
Somali Crombec Sylvietta isabellina resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Chatterer Turdoides aylmeri resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Starling Lamprotornis shelleyi resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-breasted Starling Cosmopsarus regius resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fischer's Starling Spreo fischeri resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Starling Spreo albicapillus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bristle-crowned Starling Onychognathus salvadorii resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Magpie Starling Speculipastor bicolor resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hunter's Sunbird Nectarinia hunteri resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Sunbird Nectarinia habessinica resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Sunbird Nectarinia nectarinioides resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Salvadori's Weaver Ploceus dichrocephalus resident  1996  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Cordonbleu Uraeginthus cyanocephalus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza poliopleura resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
other -
Notes: Collection of gums and resins; cutting trees for charcoal and firewood.

Other biodiversity The lower Genale river basin supports a diverse endemic flora.

References Ash (1982), Ash and Gullick (1990b), Erard (1975a), Vollesen (1989), Webb and Smith (1996).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bogol Manyo - Dolo. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife