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Location Ethiopia, Southern Peoples' Region
Central coordinates 37o 43.74' East  5o 36.72' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 76,000 ha
Altitude 800 - 2,000m
Year of IBA assessment 1996

Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society



Site description Konso is a special Wereda in North Omo Zone. The main village of the Konso people is Karat, 90 km south of Arba Minch. The seasonal Segen river (which originates in Lake Chamo) flows through Konso (1,640 m) on its way to join the Weyto, and then terminating in Lake Chew Bahir. The Segen river circles the Konso hills. Segen village sits on top of a highland area c.40 km north of Konso. The Konso hills are an old volcanic area that contains large blocks of marble. The hills are highly dissected and covered with scrubby vegetation, largely comprising broadleaved species. The most common small trees and shrubs are Combretum spp. and Terminalia spp. There are also several species of Acacia. The most disturbed areas have only bushes and often get covered with aggressive climbers like Pterollobium stellatum. On exposed rocky areas there are clumps of Aloe spp. Bushland and thickets are found on the lower parts of the Konso hills and in patches in the Segen valley. Acacia and Commiphora spp. are common, along with some Grewia spp. Where they have not been cleared, the banks of the Segen have luxuriant riverine vegetation with tall trees of Ficus sycamorus, Tamarindus indica, Mimusops kummel and Garcinia buchananii, and many small trees and shrubs, all of which can be festooned with climbers, particularly cucurbits and the intriguing legume, Clitoria ternatea. The Konso people have a unique and sustainable agricultural system that involves the building and maintaining of stone terraces and careful fertilization (with manure) of the fields. A central feature of their fields is the endemic tree crop called Moringa stenopetala. The main annual crop is sorghum, along with some root crops and cotton. The women maintain the stone walls and care for the crops, while the men build and maintain the houses, spin and weave, and carve.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trachyphonus darnaudii resident  1996  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-and-yellow Barbet Trachyphonus erythrocephalus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-crested Bustard Lophotis gindiana resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-bellied Parrot Poicephalus rufiventris resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus somaliensis resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Friedmann's Lark Mirafra pulpa resident  1996  present  A1, A3  Data Deficient 
Somali Crombec Sylvietta isabellina resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Chatterer Turdoides aylmeri resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Chatterer Turdoides rubiginosa resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Starling Lamprotornis shelleyi resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-breasted Starling Cosmopsarus regius resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bristle-crowned Starling Onychognathus salvadorii resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Magpie Starling Speculipastor bicolor resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hunter's Sunbird Nectarinia hunteri resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Sunbird Nectarinia habessinica resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Parrot-billed Sparrow Passer gongonensis resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Grenadier Uraeginthus ianthinogaster resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Waxbill Estrilda charmosyna resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza poliopleura resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Segen Valley Controlled Hunting Area 39,876 protected area contained by site 39,876  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Lowland forest - riparian; Woodland - monodominant; Woodland - riparian  minor
Wetlands (inland) Riverine floodplains; Rivers & streams  minor
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Farmbush, fallow & ruderal land  minor
Savanna Bushland & thicket - deciduous; Bushland & thicket - evergreen; Wooded grassland  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
tourism/recreation -
other -
Notes: Cutting trees for charcoal, firewood and carving.

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Ash (1992), Syvertsen (1995b).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Konso - Segen. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife