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Location Ethiopia, Oromiya
Central coordinates 39o 33.06' East  5o 10.68' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 20,000 ha
Altitude 1,400 - 1,650m
Year of IBA assessment 1996

Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society



Site description Mankubsa–Welenso forest is near the Negele–Arero track between 20 and 40 km south of Negele town, the capital of Borana Zone. Negele is over 310 km south-east of Awassa. The area is on a plateau at the western edge of the Liben plains (site ET062). The forest is dominated by Juniperus procera, which forms a relatively open canopy at 25 m. Juniperus procera dominated forests are more usually found at higher altitudes than at Mankubsa–Welenso. Other species that form a lower stratum include various Acacia spp., Olea europea cuspidata, Combretum spp., Maytenus sp., and Rhus sp. A ground-cover of tall grasses includes Hyparrhenia spp. and Cympopogon spp. The soils in this area are shallow sands and gravels, and as a consequence are easily eroded.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-bellied Parrot Poicephalus rufiventris resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ruspoli's Turaco Tauraco ruspolii resident  1996  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus somaliensis resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rosy-patched Bush-shrike Rhodophoneus cruentus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Three-streaked Tchagra Tchagra jamesi resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-naped Bush-shrike Laniarius ruficeps resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Short-toed Lark Calandrella somalica resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Boran Cisticola Cisticola bodessa resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tiny Cisticola Cisticola nanus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Wren-warbler Camaroptera simplex resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Crombec Sylvietta isabellina resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Banded Warbler Sylvia boehmi resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scaly Chatterer Turdoides aylmeri resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Chatterer Turdoides rubiginosa resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-rumped Babbler Turdoides leucopygia resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-breasted Starling Cosmopsarus regius resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crowned Starling Spreo albicapillus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus tephronotus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hunter's Sunbird Nectarinia hunteri resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Grenadier Uraeginthus ianthinogaster resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Salvadori's Serin Serinus xantholaemus resident  1996  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Negele (Mankubssa) National Forest Priority Area 17,780 is identical to site 17,780  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   66%
Grassland   33%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society Survey Team (1996), Syvertsen (1990), Wirtu and Meskek (1992).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mankubsa - Welenso forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife