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Location Ethiopia, Oromiya
Central coordinates 36o 48.06' East  7o 39.54' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 340 ha
Altitude 1,650 - 1,670m
Year of IBA assessment 1996

Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society

Site description Koffe swamp is 7 km south-west of Jimma, the capital of Jimma Zone. It is on the Jimma–Seka road in an area of relatively flat land, surrounded by small hills. Small rivers in the area include the Kilo and Melka Faki. Koffe swamp supports significant expanses of Typha sp., but there is no further information on vegetation. However, at Jimma Airport, the swamp near the road also comprises Persicaria spp. and Alisma plantago-aquatica, while the meadow around the airport has several species of grasses up to 1 m tall. Areas of short grassland, which are intensively grazed, contain Cynodon dactylon and some clumps of Hyparrhenia sp. The dominant crop is maize, but the farmers also grow root and other crops.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus resident  1995  10 individuals  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Abyssinian Longclaw Macronyx flavicollis resident  1995  10 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools; Permanent herbaceous swamps and bogs; Rivers & streams  major
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Improved pasture land and wooded farmland  minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
urban/industrial/transport -
other -
Notes: Collection and sale of eggs of Grus carunculatus.

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society Survey Team (1995).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Koffe swamp. Downloaded from on 26/10/2014

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