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Location Ethiopia, Oromiya
Central coordinates 36o 48.06' East  7o 39.54' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 340 ha
Altitude 1,650 - 1,670m
Year of IBA assessment 1996

Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society

Site description Koffe swamp is 7 km south-west of Jimma, the capital of Jimma Zone. It is on the Jimma–Seka road in an area of relatively flat land, surrounded by small hills. Small rivers in the area include the Kilo and Melka Faki. Koffe swamp supports significant expanses of Typha sp., but there is no further information on vegetation. However, at Jimma Airport, the swamp near the road also comprises Persicaria spp. and Alisma plantago-aquatica, while the meadow around the airport has several species of grasses up to 1 m tall. Areas of short grassland, which are intensively grazed, contain Cynodon dactylon and some clumps of Hyparrhenia sp. The dominant crop is maize, but the farmers also grow root and other crops.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. Koffe swamp is believed to be a breeding location for Grus carunculatus, with at least 10 present in December 1995. According to local inhabitants, the species breeds in the wetlands of the Koffe Peasants’ Association, with birds also seen on the nearby Jimma Airport wetland. Macronyx flavicollis also occurs (at least 10 birds), as do small numbers of various Palearctic and Afrotropical ducks and geese. In all, 78 species have been recorded at the site. Sarothrura rufa is also known to occur in Koffe swamp, and various Palearctic crake species may use the site seasonally.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus resident  1995  10 individuals  medium  A1  Vulnerable 
Abyssinian Longclaw Macronyx flavicollis resident  1995  10 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

1996 medium favourable negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Bugeranus carunculatus Wattled Crane 10 10 individuals 100 favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools; Permanent herbaceous swamps and bogs; Rivers & streams  major
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Improved pasture land and wooded farmland  minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
urban/industrial/transport -
other -
Notes: Collection and sale of eggs of Grus carunculatus.

References Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society Survey Team (1995).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Koffe swamp. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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