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Location Ethiopia, Oromiya
Central coordinates 37o 13.86' East  8o 16.26' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 94,000 ha
Altitude 1,650 - 3,018m
Year of IBA assessment 1996

Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society



Site description Tiro Boter–Becho forest lies in Tiro–Afeta and Limu–Kosa Weredas of Jimma Zone, 80 km south-west of Welkite town, which in turn is 150 km from Addis Ababa. It lies along a volcanic mountain ridge, running almost north to south, and rising to a series of small peaks, the highest of which is 3,018 m. The mountains are drained by the Gilgel Gibe to the west, which forms a wide valley supporting the lower parts of the forest, and the main Gibe river to the north and east. The Tiro Boter–Becho forest is a mixed coniferous–broadleaf forest, fairly species-rich, and structurally diverse. Acacia woodland dominates the lowest altitudes, with high montane forest on the slopes and in the valleys up to around 2,500 m. Above this is a mixed coniferous forest, comprising Juniperus procera, Hagenia abyssinica and other small trees, that grades into an open Erica arborea zone around 3,000 m. There are some patches of Arundinaria alpina in wet, sheltered valleys. Aningeria adolfi-friderici are the largest trees and are sought-after for their timber. Although the Tiro Boter–Becho forest covers 85,804 ha of forest and forest land, in 1988 only 15,957 ha was undisturbed forest, the remainder comprising 23,289 ha of disturbed forest and 46,558 ha of plantation and bushland.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Banded Barbet Lybius undatus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Erckel's Francolin Pternistis erckelii resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wattled Ibis Bostrychia carunculata resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Turaco Tauraco leucotis resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Caprimulgus poliocephalus resident  1996  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Woodpecker Dendropicos abyssinicus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dark-headed Oriole Oriolus monacha resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Raven Corvus crassirostris resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-backed Tit Parus leuconotus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Catbird Parophasma galinieri resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Montane White-eye Zosterops poliogastrus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Starling Cinnyricinclus sharpii resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Stuhlmann's Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zoothera piaggiae resident  1996  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Rueppell's Robin-chat Cossypha semirufa resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Cliff-chat Monticola semirufus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Rock-thrush Monticola rufocinereus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis chocolatinus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swainson's Sparrow Passer swainsonii resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Crimson-wing Cryptospiza salvadorii resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Longclaw Macronyx flavicollis resident  1996  uncommon  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Abyssinian Citril Serinus citrinelloides resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-rumped Seedeater Serinus xanthopygius resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Seedeater Serinus tristriatus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  1996  present  A3  Not Recognised 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tiro-Boter-Becho National Forest Priority Area 85,804 is identical to site 85,804  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry & agro-industrial plantations  87%
Shrubland Bamboo - montane; Bushland & thicket - montane  4%
Forest Montane forest - mixed; Montane forest - monodominant; Montane forest - undifferentiated; Woodland - monodominant  8%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Chaffey (1978), Forest Management Planning Division (1989), Friis (1992), Pettersson (1986).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tiro Boter - Becho forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife