|Central coordinates||39o 4.14' East 8o 41.70' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||1,800 - 1,900m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1996|
Site description Chelekleka is a seasonally inundated pan, the western and south-western sides of which form the periphery of Debre Zeit town. Debre Zeit is in East Shewa Zone, 50 km west of the zonal capital, Nazaret. Chelekleka is in a shallow pan into which fresh water seeps and flows from the surrounding cultivated slopes. Water fills the muddy depression during the rainy season and persists well into the dry season. The two highland ranges of Teltele and Sofa, on the north-eastern side of the swamp, are the main catchments for Chelekleka. Because of its shallow nature, the lake’s shoreline is wide. The size of the inundated area varies dramatically from year to year, although recently the size of the swamp has been reduced through the construction of flood-control dykes in the feeder streams, and channeling run-off from the town into Bishoftu lake (site ET032). The swamp is relatively rich in aquatic vegetation, with Typha spp., sedges, rushes, Potamogeton spp., Persicaria spp. and the floating grass Odontelytrum abyssinicum. The area around the lake is intensively used. As the waters retreat, peasant farmers cultivate vegetables on the rich alluvial soils left behind on its northern and eastern sides, and it is not uncommon to see some cultivation throughout the year. A thriving private citrus farm exists on the lake’s southern side. This wetland is also an important watering point for cattle in the area. Debre Zeit is an important town (see site ET032).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||winter||-||3-5 individuals||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor||non-breeding||-||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus||passage||-||frequent [units unknown]||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Common Crane Grus grus||winter||1996||2,500 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||-||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||100%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.
References Belay et al. (1986), Brook Lemma (1994), Ministry of Natural Resources Development (1995), Mohr (1961), Talling and Wood (1988).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chelekleka lake and swamp. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/03/2014
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