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Location Ethiopia, Oromiya
Central coordinates 38o 27.00' East  8o 53.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 2,500 ha
Altitude 2,080 m
Year of IBA assessment 1996

Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society



Site description Dilu Meda is east of the Addis–Woliso road, 35 km south-west of Addis Ababa in the Becho plains, West Shewa Zone. The Zonal capital is Ambo, 125 km due west of Addis Ababa. Tefki is a village on a small raised area next to the road that crosses the plains. Dilu Meda and an adjacent area, the Geber Meda, are basins within the wider Becho plains. They comprise flat, seasonally inundated land crossed by the Awash river and surrounded by volcanic hills. Two peaks, Wato Dalecha (2,505 m) and Debel (2,421 m) are situated to north and south respectively of Dilu Meda. Two small rivers, the Sendafa and Dulolo Dilu, feed directly into Dilu Meda. Flood water from the Awash and Holeta rivers covers a large area of the basin from July to September. There are no sizeable beds of bulrush or tall sedges, but a variety of smaller sedges have been found in flooded areas along with Potamogeton spp. and Persicaria spp. Uncultivated grassland around the flooded areas is rich in species, including a number of endemic Trifolium spp. The farming community has developed a sophisticatedsystem for using this difficult area. The soils, with the annual enrichment of silt and alluvium, are rich and can be cropped year after year with cereals, particularly teff and durum wheat. Other crops well adapted to grow on residual moisture are chickpea and grass-pea.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus passage  frequent  A1  Near Threatened 
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus winter  1996  4-8 individuals  A1  Vulnerable 
Abyssinian Longclaw Macronyx flavicollis resident  present  A1  Near Threatened 

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dilu Meda (Tefki). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2014

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