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Location Ethiopia, Oromiya
Central coordinates 38o 27.00' East  8o 53.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 2,500 ha
Altitude 2,080 m
Year of IBA assessment 1996

Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society

Site description Dilu Meda is east of the Addis–Woliso road, 35 km south-west of Addis Ababa in the Becho plains, West Shewa Zone. The Zonal capital is Ambo, 125 km due west of Addis Ababa. Tefki is a village on a small raised area next to the road that crosses the plains. Dilu Meda and an adjacent area, the Geber Meda, are basins within the wider Becho plains. They comprise flat, seasonally inundated land crossed by the Awash river and surrounded by volcanic hills. Two peaks, Wato Dalecha (2,505 m) and Debel (2,421 m) are situated to north and south respectively of Dilu Meda. Two small rivers, the Sendafa and Dulolo Dilu, feed directly into Dilu Meda. Flood water from the Awash and Holeta rivers covers a large area of the basin from July to September. There are no sizeable beds of bulrush or tall sedges, but a variety of smaller sedges have been found in flooded areas along with Potamogeton spp. and Persicaria spp. Uncultivated grassland around the flooded areas is rich in species, including a number of endemic Trifolium spp. The farming community has developed a sophisticatedsystem for using this difficult area. The soils, with the annual enrichment of silt and alluvium, are rich and can be cropped year after year with cereals, particularly teff and durum wheat. Other crops well adapted to grow on residual moisture are chickpea and grass-pea.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. This site has been extremely important for Grus carunculatus, with most sightings at Dilu Meda during July–November. In the 1960s, large numbers were occasionally recorded, with up to 63 noted on one occasion, but most often 10–15 birds were present. More recently the numbers have decreased, with maximum counts of six in 1992 and eight in 1993. In August–September 1996, no birds were found, in spite of extensive searches, though four were seen in November that year. The large rodent population in the dry season attracts raptors. Circus macrourus is fairly common during spring and autumn passage, and some birds overwinter with C. pygargus. Small numbers of Falco naumanni pass through on spring and autumn passage, with a few apparently wintering. Buteo augur and Falco tinnunculus are present nearly all year. There is one record of Aquila clanga. Other birds known to occur, particularly during July–September, when the Awash river floods, include Pelecanus onocrotalus (in substantial numbers), Platalea alba and Mycteria ibis. The area is also important for a variety of other wading birds as the waters recede. From late October, up to several hundred Grus grus forage on crop stubble. Small numbers of Balearica pavonina are regularly recorded, and the site is visited by migrant Ciconia nigra. Small numbers of Macronyx flavicollis are resident.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus passage  frequent  A1  Near Threatened 
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus winter  1996  4-8 individuals  A1  Vulnerable 
Abyssinian Longclaw Macronyx flavicollis resident  present  A1  Near Threatened 

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Dilu Meda (Tefki). Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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