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Location Ethiopia, Oromiya
Central coordinates 38o 24.84' East  9o 13.32' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 5,000 ha
Altitude 2,450 - 2,500m
Year of IBA assessment 1996

Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society



Site description Berga flood-plain is in Ada Berga District (Wereda) of West Shoa Zone. It lies 75 km west of Addis Ababa and c.24 km north of Holeta town. It is part of the vast plains on the Central plateau of Shoa, in the Ethiopian North-western Highlands. The Berga river, the main tributary of the Awash river, drains the plain. The vegetation of the Berga flood-plain comprises grasses, sedges and other plants peculiar to these areas, e.g. Trifolium spp. (including the endemdic T. schimperi and T. calancephalum), Haplocarpha schimperi, H. hastata, a Cerastium sp., Cyperus spp. (including C. dichroostachyus, C. atronervatus and C. atroviridis), Ranunculus multifidus, R. simensis, Rumex natalensis, R. marginulata, Uebelinia kigesiensis, Schoenopletus corymbosus, Vossia cuspidata and Habenaria filicornis. The most important and palatable grasses in this area are species of Pennisetum and Andropogon. As on the Sululta plain (site ET024), there are places where water lies up to 50 cm deep, and such areas are often covered with floating grasses, particularly Odontelytrum abyssinicum, and pondweeds Potamogeton spp., and often have the purple flower spikes of Aponogeton abyssinicus emerging from the surface.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Blue-winged Goose Cyanochen cyanoptera resident  1996  260 individuals  A1, A3, A4i  Vulnerable 
Wattled Ibis Bostrychia carunculata resident  1996  700 individuals  A3, A4i  Least Concern 
White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi breeding  1996  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Rouget's Rail Rougetius rougetii resident  1996  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus resident  1998  1 breeding pairs  A1  Vulnerable 
Spot-breasted Lapwing Vanellus melanocephalus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Pigeon Columba albitorques resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Raven Corvus crassirostris resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-backed Tit Parus leuconotus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Moorland Chat Cercomela sordida resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis chocolatinus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swainson's Sparrow Passer swainsonii resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Longclaw Macronyx flavicollis resident  1996  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Ethiopian Siskin Serinus nigriceps resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Citril Serinus citrinelloides resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Seedeater Serinus tristriatus resident  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  1996  present  A3  Not Recognised 

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Berga Bird Lovers Savings and Credit Cooperative 2002

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

Related state of the world's birds case studies

References Atkinson et al. (1996), Collar and Stuart (1985), Collar et al. (1994), Massoli-Novelli (1986), Mengistu and Tadesse (1998), Taylor (1997).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Berga floodplain. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/09/2014

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