email a friend
printable version
Location Ethiopia, Amhara
Central coordinates 38o 37.20' East  10o 50.94' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 8,000 ha
Altitude 2,300 - 3,665m
Year of IBA assessment 1996

Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society



Site description Denkoro forest is in Debresina District of South Wollo Zone. It is 30 km from the District town, Mekane Selam, and 215 km from Dessie. Denkoro is a forest remnant on the eastern side of Denkoro river gorge. The forested area lies between 2,400 and 3,000 m. The lowest part is dominated by Podocarpus falcatus, with Juniperus procera, Olea europaea cuspidata and Olinia rochetiana coming in as the altitude increases. Above this, Rapanea and Dombeya begin to dominate along with Hagenia abyssinica. Erica arborea and Hypericum revolutum are present midway up through the forest, and gradually dominate near the top. At around 3,000 m, the forest is a pure stand of Erica, gradually changing to Festuca-dominated Afro-alpine grassland with some scattered giant Lobelia, Kniphofia sp. and also some scattered shrubby Erica arborea.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Wattled Ibis Bostrychia carunculata resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Pigeon Columba albitorques resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Lovebird Agapornis taranta resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Turaco Tauraco leucotis resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Woodpecker Dendropicos abyssinicus resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dark-headed Oriole Oriolus monacha resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Raven Corvus crassirostris resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-backed Tit Parus leuconotus resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Catbird Parophasma galinieri resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Montane White-eye Zosterops poliogastrus resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-billed Starling Onychognathus albirostris resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Zoothera piaggiae resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Rueppell's Robin-chat Cossypha semirufa resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Moorland Chat Cercomela sordida resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis chocolatinus resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Swainson's Sparrow Passer swainsonii resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ethiopian Siskin Serinus nigriceps resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Seedeater Serinus tristriatus resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  1996  present [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Denkoro National Forest Priority Area 8,000 is identical to site 8,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection and honey gathering, cutting of Festuca grass for construction, rope and basket making.

Other biodiversity The area supports populations of many mammal species including Canis simensis (CR), Theropithecus gelada (LR/nt), Papio hamadryas (LR/nt) and the endemic Tragelaphus scriptus meneliki.

References Larsson (1998), Marino et al. (1999).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Borana-Saynt (Denkoro Forest). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife