|Location||Eritrea, Southern Red Sea Zone|
|Central coordinates||42o 23.00' East 13o 10.00' North|
|Altitude||0 - 150m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The site lies on the southern coastal plain in the Danakil region between Asseb and Gehare. Bird records from the Asseb–Gehare area on the coast of the Danakil lowlands indicate that a site within this general area will merit IBA status. Further survey work will be required to define the exact location and boundaries of a site. The area is defined as arid to semi-arid; rainfall declines progressively southwards throughout the Danakil region, to less than 40 mm annually at Asseb, and vegetation is largely confined to wadis. Temperatures in the southern Danakil can exceed 50°C during June to September and diurnal averages are exceptionally high due to high night-time temperatures. The area is characterized by black basalt lava-fields and sandy, stony or shell plains. Dominant vegetation is Acacia mellifera on the lava and scattered A. tortilis, A. nubica and Balanites aegyptiaca on the plains. The coastline is as described for the Gulf of Zula (ER009), with offshore islands and reefs, sandy dunes, mud-, sand- and saltflats and mangroves (principally Avicennia sp.) in the bays and inlets.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Rosy-patched Bush-shrike Rhodophoneus cruentus||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-rumped Babbler Turdoides leucopygia||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Somali Starling Onychognathus blythii||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Blackstart Cercomela melanura||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Shining Sunbird Nectarinia habessinica||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Oryx beisa are known to have occurred in the Danakil region in the past, but there are no recent sightings and it is believed they may have been hunted to extinction by the occupying Ethiopian army. Equus africanus somaliensis (CR), Gazella dorcas (VU) and G. soemmeringi (VU) are all known from the area, some populations probably moving between the Buri peninsula (see Gulf of Zula, ER009) and Danakil region. The two gazelle species are also said to be numerous south of Asseb, towards the Djibouti border.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Danakil lowlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/07/2014
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