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Location Eritrea, Southern
Central coordinates 39o 24.00' East  14o 41.00' North
IBA criteria A2, A3
Area 42,000 ha
Altitude 1,800 - 2,500m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description This site lies towards the south of the country at the southern end of the Eritrean Central Plateau (the northern extent of the highland plateau running up from Ethiopia). This part of the plateau is contiguous with the Simien Mountains in Ethiopia and with the Central Ethiopian highlands Endemic Bird Area (EBA). Bird records from the general area of ‘Senafe and Guna Guna’ (south of Adi Caieh), at an altitude of over 1,800 m, show that the area merits definition as an IBA. Further survey work will be needed to define the boundaries of a site in this general area. Due to its location, 20 km north of the border with Ethiopia, the Senafe area has been a war-zone for many years and there are very few recent survey data for birds or any other groups. The area is similar to the upper slopes of Semenawi Bahri (ER003), with stony hillsides and peaks, deeply incised valleys, rough moorland, tussock-grassland, scrub and Juniperus procera woodland with planted Eucalyptus and shrubby undergrowth. However, there are patches of mixed wet woodland between 2,100–2,500 m, including very tall deciduous trees mingled with figs, Ficus sp., Juniperus sp. and exotic Eucalyptus sp., with ferns among the undergrowth. These woodlands occur in isolated patches at the bottom of sheer cliffs and in ravines from Senafe and Guna Guna, north to Adi Caieh.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Erckel's Francolin Pternistis erckelii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wattled Ibis Bostrychia carunculata resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Pigeon Columba albitorques resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Turaco Tauraco leucotis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Woodpecker Dendropicos abyssinicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dark-headed Oriole Oriolus monacha resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Raven Corvus crassirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-backed Tit Parus leuconotus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-billed Starling Onychognathus albirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rueppell's Chat Myrmecocichla melaena resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Cliff-chat Monticola semirufus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Rock-thrush Monticola rufocinereus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis chocolatinus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swainson's Sparrow Passer swainsonii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Citril Serinus citrinelloides resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Seedeater Serinus tristriatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  2000  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Banded Barbet Lybius undatus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   69%
Grassland   30%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
unknown -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Smith (1957).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Senafe. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/07/2014

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