|Central coordinates||39o 24.00' East 14o 41.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A2, A3|
|Altitude||1,800 - 2,500m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description This site lies towards the south of the country at the southern end of the Eritrean Central Plateau (the northern extent of the highland plateau running up from Ethiopia). This part of the plateau is contiguous with the Simien Mountains in Ethiopia and with the Central Ethiopian highlands Endemic Bird Area (EBA). Bird records from the general area of ‘Senafe and Guna Guna’ (south of Adi Caieh), at an altitude of over 1,800 m, show that the area merits definition as an IBA. Further survey work will be needed to define the boundaries of a site in this general area. Due to its location, 20 km north of the border with Ethiopia, the Senafe area has been a war-zone for many years and there are very few recent survey data for birds or any other groups. The area is similar to the upper slopes of Semenawi Bahri (ER003), with stony hillsides and peaks, deeply incised valleys, rough moorland, tussock-grassland, scrub and Juniperus procera woodland with planted Eucalyptus and shrubby undergrowth. However, there are patches of mixed wet woodland between 2,100–2,500 m, including very tall deciduous trees mingled with figs, Ficus sp., Juniperus sp. and exotic Eucalyptus sp., with ferns among the undergrowth. These woodlands occur in isolated patches at the bottom of sheer cliffs and in ravines from Senafe and Guna Guna, north to Adi Caieh.
Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. The restricted-range Myrmecocichla melaena was recorded among bare granite rocks and scrub, and breeding in cracks in cliff-faces in the southern mountains above 1,800m around Senafe and Guna Guna in the 1950s. It has also been recorded more recently (1998) at Senafe. It seems likely, from the accounts of Smith, that Rougetius rougetii will occur in this site. Although he does not mention the species at Senafe, Smith visited the nearby area around Adi Caieh and records the species as ‘characterizing small upland streams with adjacent willows, rank grass and marshy vegetation’ around and above 1,800 m. The Afrotropical Highlands biome species Bostrychia carunculata is recorded from only one other IBA and a further six—Columba albitorques, Thamnolaea semirufa, Dioptrornis chocolatinus, Parus leuconotus, Onychognathus albirostris and Corvus crassirostris—are recorded from no other IBA in Eritrea. There are also records of two Somali–Masai biome species from the site; see Table 2.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Erckel's Francolin Pternistis erckelii||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Wattled Ibis Bostrychia carunculata||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-collared Pigeon Columba albitorques||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-cheeked Turaco Tauraco leucotis||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Nyanza Swift Apus niansae||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Abyssinian Woodpecker Dendropicos abyssinicus||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Dark-headed Oriole Oriolus monacha||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Thick-billed Raven Corvus crassirostris||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-backed Tit Parus leuconotus||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-billed Starling Onychognathus albirostris||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Rueppell's Chat Myrmecocichla melaena||resident||1998||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|White-winged Cliff-chat Monticola semirufus||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Little Rock-thrush Monticola rufocinereus||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Abyssinian Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis chocolatinus||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Swainson's Sparrow Passer swainsonii||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Abyssinian Citril Serinus citrinelloides||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Brown-rumped Seedeater Serinus tristriatus||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Serinus striolatus||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Not Recognised|
|Banded Barbet Lybius undatus||resident||2000||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||69%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Smith (1957).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Senafe. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2015
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