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Location Eritrea, Southern
Central coordinates 38o 52.68' East  15o 0.96' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 3,200 ha
Altitude 1,800 - 2,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Site description The site lies in the Central Plateau about 40 km south of Asmara and 12 km west of the town of Dekemhare. It also lies c.40 km north of Mareb escarpment (ER012) and contains similar habitat to that site, but lies at slightly higher altitude (1,800 m and over). It consists of open Acacia spp. woodland with Aloe sp. and Ficus sp. in riverine areas. During the rains, parts of the area become flooded.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. There are possible records for the site of Circus macrourus, but these were not definitely distinguished from C. pygargus. There are also records of three Sahel biome species (Table 2), including a possible record of Streptopelia roseogrisea (although this may be a case of confusion with S. capicola: Zinner pers. comm.) and two Sudan–Guinea Savanna species, including one of only two site records for Myrmecocichla albifrons. There are also four species of the Somali–Masai biome recorded; see Table 2. The site is also important for a wide range of Afrotropical and migrant raptors, with records including Milvus migrans, Gyps rueppellii, Torgos tracheliotus, Circaetus gallicus, Melierax metabates, M. gabar, Buteo buteo, Aquila rapax / nipalensis, A. verreauxi, Lophaetus occipitalis, Falco biarmicus and F. tinnunculus.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Erckel's Francolin Pternistis erckelii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Turaco Tauraco leucotis resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Woodpecker Dendropicos abyssinicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Montane White-eye Zosterops poliogastrus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rueppell's Robin-chat Cossypha semirufa resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Rock-thrush Monticola rufocinereus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swainson's Sparrow Passer swainsonii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   83%
Grassland   16%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
unknown -

References Zinner (in press).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Southern Plateau: Furrus. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife