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Location Eritrea, Northern Red Sea Zone
Central coordinates 39o 1.86' East  15o 36.78' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 82,000 ha
Altitude 900 - 1,200m
Year of IBA assessment 2001





Site description The site lies on the slopes of the Eastern Escarpment running down from the Central Plateau eastwards to the Red Sea. Only a general area of habitat can be identified without more detailed survey work, but there is an area of about 78,000 ha of wet woodland north of the town of Ghinda, the lower slopes of which appear to qualify as an IBA. Further survey work within this general area will be needed to define the boundaries. The area lies about 13 km north-east of Arboroba escarpment (ER008) and about 30 km south-east of Semenawi Bahri (ER003), of which it can be considered an extension in terms of habitat. The habitat is Combretum sp. woodland, but due to higher rainfall in the area (possible in every month other than June and September), the flora is generally richer than in other areas along the Eastern Escarpment. Dominant trees and bushes include Capparis tomentosa, Cordia abyssinica, Rhus abyssinica and Ficus sp. and dense undergrowth includes ferns, Adiantum spp. Coffee was cultivated extensively on terraces in the regions by the Italians and citrus fruits and bananas are grown in the valleys, especially around the town of Ghinda. At the base of the slopes lies Gahtelay Lake (behind Sabarguma Dam), which is important as one of the few areas of open water between the coast and the Central Plateau.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-rumped Babbler Turdoides leucopygia resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted White-eye Zosterops abyssinicus resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Starling Onychognathus blythii resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shining Sunbird Nectarinia habessinica resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rueppell's Weaver Ploceus galbula resident  2000  present  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   70%
Shrubland   1%
Grassland   27%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References EAE (1995), DOE (1999), Murdoch (1998), Smith (1951b), Zinner et al.(1999).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ghinda. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife