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Location Egypt, Suez
Central coordinates 32o 20.00' East  29o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4iv
Area 15,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,274m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Nature Conservation Eqypt (Affiliate)



Site description Ain Sukhna is a warm, brackish spring located about 50 km south of Suez at the north-eastern foot of Gebel El Galala El Bahariya, overlooking the Gulf of Suez. The name, however, has traditionally been used in reference to a much larger region, roughly encompassing the wide coastal plain wedged between Gebel Ataqa in the north and Gebel El Galala El Bahariya in the south, and including the coastal portion of the latter mountain range. In the immediate vicinity of the spring there is a dense growth of salt-tolerant vegetation, composed primarily of Juncus, Tamarix and Nitraria. To the north and west there is a large sand-and-gravel plain, intersected by several large, shallow wadis with good vegetation cover, dominated by Hammada and Zilla, with numerous, scattered trees and bushes of Acacia, Tamarix and Calotropis. Gebel El Galala El Bahariya rises abruptly from the shallow waters of the Gulf of Suez, up to 1,274 m. Several small springs and oases are found in the deep wadis that drain the steep coastal (eastern) flanks of the mountain.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  1998  uncommon [units unknown]  A1  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga passage  1998  uncommon [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  1998  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus passage  1998  uncommon [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus non-breeding  1998  min 100 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pharaoh Eagle-owl Bubo ascalaphus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Crag-martin Hirundo obsoleta resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1980-1984  100,000 individuals  medium  A4iv   

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ain Sukhna. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/04/2014

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