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Location Egypt, South Sinai
Central coordinates 34o 15.00' East  27o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iv
Area 48,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 73m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Nature Conservation Eqypt (Affiliate)

Site description Ras Mohammed is a headland at the southernmost tip of the Sinai Peninsula, overlooking the juncture of the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba. It is composed of uplifted coral reefs, which in places rise steeply from the sea forming high cliffs. These are interspersed with sandy bays and some intertidal flats. A stand of mangrove Avicennia is found at the southern end of Ras Mohammed. Coral reefs fringe the headland in almost all directions. Although Ras Mohammed is primarily a marine park, its boundaries encompass a considerable diversity of desert habitats, including sandstone mountains, gravel-plains, wadis, and sand-dunes.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  1998  uncommon  A1  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca passage  1998  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus passage  1998  7 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus non-breeding  1998  uncommon  A1  Near Threatened 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1998  400,000-480,000 individuals  good  A4iv   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ras Mohammed National Park 78,550 protected area contains site 48,000  

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity Marine life: Ras Mohammed is primarily important for its marine life and unique coral reefs that are considered to be some of the most spectacular in the world. Reptiles: both Chelonia mydas (EN) and Eretmochelys imbricata (CR) occur off Ras Mohammed regularly, and the latter breeds locally.

References Celmins (1998), Celmins and Baha el Din (in prep.).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ras Mohammed National Park. Downloaded from on 23/09/2014

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