|Location||Egypt, South Sinai|
|Central coordinates||34o 15.00' East 27o 44.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iv|
|Altitude||0 - 73m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Ras Mohammed is a headland at the southernmost tip of the Sinai Peninsula, overlooking the juncture of the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba. It is composed of uplifted coral reefs, which in places rise steeply from the sea forming high cliffs. These are interspersed with sandy bays and some intertidal flats. A stand of mangrove Avicennia is found at the southern end of Ras Mohammed. Coral reefs fringe the headland in almost all directions. Although Ras Mohammed is primarily a marine park, its boundaries encompass a considerable diversity of desert habitats, including sandstone mountains, gravel-plains, wadis, and sand-dunes.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||passage||1998||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A1||Least Concern|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||passage||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus||passage||1998||7 individuals||medium||A1||Near Threatened|
|White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus||non-breeding||1998||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes||passage||1998||400,000-480,000 individuals||good||A4iv|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Ras Mohammed||National Park||78,550||protected area contains site||48,000|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Marine life: Ras Mohammed is primarily important for its marine life and unique coral reefs that are considered to be some of the most spectacular in the world. Reptiles: both Chelonia mydas (EN) and Eretmochelys imbricata (CR) occur off Ras Mohammed regularly, and the latter breeds locally.
References Celmins (1998), Celmins and Baha el Din (in prep.).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ras Mohammed National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/12/2013
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