|Location||Egypt, South Sinai|
|Central coordinates||33o 40.00' East 28o 10.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iv|
|Altitude||0 - 100m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The site is a wide plain that flanks the South Sinai mountain massif on the west and separates it from the Gulf of Suez. It is elongate, with a north-west to south-east axis, being more than 100 km long and 20 km wide. The IBA is mostly concerned with the coastal portion of the plain, and extends from Wadi Feiran in the north to Ras Mohammed in the south, where migratory birds tend to concentrate and often land in vast numbers. The plain is dissected by many wadis that flow from the mountains of Sinai into the Gulf of Suez. To the north of El Tor a narrow mountain range separates the plain from the Gulf of Suez. This mountain, immediately overlooking the Gulf, is thought to be a very important departure point for many of the soaring birds that attempt to cross the Gulf of Suez in autumn. Sparse scrub vegetation and scattered Acacia trees cover sizeable sections of the plain. The town of El Tor is located within the area of concern and is the only major human settlement in the region.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||passage||1998||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A1||Least Concern|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||passage||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus||passage||1998||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes||passage||1998||200,000 individuals||medium||A4iv|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Mammals: Gazella dorcas (VU) is present in small numbers, probably representing the largest remaining population in Sinai.
References Celmins and Baha el Din (in prep.).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: El Qa plain. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/03/2014
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