|Location||Egypt, Red Sea|
|Central coordinates||33o 30.00' East 27o 51.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iv|
|Altitude||0 - 457m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description This site consists of a narrow, 100-km-long strip extending along the Gulf of Suez/Red Sea coast, from Ras Gharib in the north to the bay of Ghubbet El Gemsa in the south. Gebel El Zeit itself is an isolated, elongate mountain that reaches up to 457 m and overlooks the southern end of the Gulf of Suez. The eastern flank of the mountain falls steeply to the sea, while the western flank slopes more gently and merges with a 20-km-wide plain that separates Gebel El Zeit from the rest of the Red Sea hills further west. To the north there is a wide coastal plain fringed near the shore by several areas of sabkha, the largest of which is Sabkhet Ras Shukheir. This contains several pools of hyper-saline water and large patches of saltmarsh. To the south are Ghubbet El Zeit and Ghubbet El Gemsa, two large shallow bays with extensive intertidal mud and sandflats. Numerous small wadis drain the mountains of the area and dissect adjacent plains. These are lined with scattered Acacia trees.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||passage||1998||uncommon||-||A1||Least Concern|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||passage||1992-1994||19 individuals||medium||A1||Vulnerable|
|Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus||passage||1992-1994||4 individuals||medium||A1||Near Threatened|
|White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus||non-breeding||1998||common||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes||passage||1989-1998||250,000 individuals||medium||A4iv|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Marine: There are seven species of sea grass in the bay of Ghubbet El Zeit forming one of the most diverse and extensive sea-grass beds in the northern Red Sea. These beds are potential feeding grounds for Dugong dugon (VU) and endangered marine turtles.
References Celmins (1998), Goodman and Meininger (1989), Grieve (1996).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gebel El Zeit. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/09/2014
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