|Location||Egypt, North Sinai|
|Central coordinates||34o 40.00' East 29o 55.00' North|
|Altitude||200 - 400m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description An extensive wadi system in eastern-central Sinai. The wadi’s catchment area extends from the El Tih Plateau in the south and the Israeli border in the east, to a ridge of hills in the north and west that separate this watershed from that of Wadi El Arish. The wadi and its numerous tributaries cut through slightly undulating gravel-plains and low-lying limestone country with scattered hills. The main tributaries that flow into Wadi Gerafi include Wadi Tamarani and Wadi El Beida. This wadi system flows north-east, eventually reaching Wadi Araba in the Negev. Vegetation is largely restricted to runnels, depressions and wadis, although wide torrent-beds are largely devoid of vegetation. A fairly dense growth of large Acacia trees lines the main wadi and its major tributaries, forming open parkland. Retama forms dense, bushy cover along the fringes of wadis and in depressions. Other dominant flora includes Hammada, Panicum and Fagonia. Bedouins, who have scattered settlements and cultivation along the wadi system, sparsely inhabit the area.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sooty Falcon Falco concolor||breeding||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Pharaoh Eagle-owl Bubo ascalaphus||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Hume's Owl Strix butleri||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Pale Crag-martin Hirundo obsoleta||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha||resident||1998||-||-||Least Concern|
|Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Arabian Babbler Turdoides squamiceps||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Blackstart Cercomela melanura||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Reptiles: Coluber sinai and Telescopus hoogstraali are two snakes that are endemic to South Sinai and the Negev. The former was found in one of the southern tributaries of Wadi Gerafi, while the latter almost certainly occurs in the area. Mammals: Canis lupus probably inhabits the area in very small numbers. Vulpes rueppelli (DD) is uncommon. Gazella dorcas (VU) is still found in small numbers, but is declining as a result of excessive hunting.
References Hadidi et al. (1992).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Wadi Gerafi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2013
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