|Location||Egypt, South Sinai|
|Central coordinates||34o 26.00' East 28o 16.00' North|
|Altitude||0 - 500m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The Nabq Protected Area encompasses a wide variety of ecosystems and habitat-types. The majority of the Protected Area is occupied by mountain and wadi desert habitats. Wadi Kid is the largest wadi in the area draining into the Gulf of Aqaba, where it forms a wide delta of alluvial gravel, small sand-dunes and scrub. Along the sea front of the delta there is an extensive stand of mangrove Avicennia, known as Shorat El Manqata. The mangroves are scattered along some 7 km of shoreline, forming, in places, very dense and extensive groves that contain fairly large trees.
Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 2 for key species. The desert habitats of the protected area support a significant number of Sahara–Sindian biome-restricted species. The mangroves of Shorat El Manqata are of special importance for breeding waterbirds in the Gulf of Aqaba region. Platalea leucorodia, Butorides striatus, Egretta gularis and Pandion haliaetus have all been found breeding in this mangrove stand. In April 1990 a single Numenius tenuirostris was reported from the Nabq area.
Non-bird biodiversity: Flora: 134 plant species are known from the protected area. Nabq is one of the most northerly mangrove stands in the world and the largest in the northern Red Sea. Further south, along the Red Sea coast proper, between Hurghada and Marsa Alam, mangrove distribution is sparse. South of Marsa Alam it becomes a more prominent and widespread feature of the coastal landscape. In Egypt, the mangrove is surviving at the very edge of its ecological requirements. The complex web of life that is built around the mangrove thus maintains a rather precarious existence that is very susceptible to environmental deterioration. Mammals: A small number of Gazella dorcas (VU) inhabit the desert wadis and plains. Vulpes rueppelli (DD) is fairly common. Capra nubiana (EN) is a prominent mammal species, found in the mountainous areas.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sooty Falcon Falco concolor||breeding||1998||present||-||A3||Near Threatened|
|Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Hume's Owl Strix butleri||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Pale Crag-martin Hirundo obsoleta||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Streaked Scrub-warbler Scotocerca inquieta||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Blackstart Cercomela melanura||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Nabq||Managed Resource Protected Area||50,077||protected area contained by site||50,077|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
References Goodman and Meininger (1989).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Nabq Protected Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/11/2015
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