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Location Egypt, Aswan
Central coordinates 32o 54.00' East  24o 0.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 1,500 ha
Altitude 200 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Nature Conservation Eqypt (Affiliate)

Site description The Aswan reservoir is the segment of the Nile located between the old Aswan Dam (completed in 1920) and the High Dam. It is 7 km in length and ranges between 1.5 and 4 km in width. The shores are very steep and rocky, with many inundated desert wadis (khors), most of which are on the eastern side. Several small granite islands (part of the First Cataract) are found in the northern section of the reservoir. The water in the reservoir is maintained at a fairly stable level, allowing a narrow fringe of vegetation to grow. Ceratophyllum and Potamogeton are the dominant aquatic plants.

Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. Aythya nyroca winters in internationally important numbers. Over 6,000 waterbirds were counted in winter 1989/90, while c.3,000 were counted in February 1995. The most numerous birds were Anas penelope, Aythya ferina, Aythya fuligula and Fulica atra. Characteristic breeding birds include Gallinula chloropus, Vanellus spinosus and Ceryle rudis. Egretta garzetta and Ardeola ralloides breed in the vicinity of the reservoir.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
water management -

References Meininger and Atta (1994), Springuel (1985a).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Aswan reservoir. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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