|Central coordinates||32o 43.00' East 25o 9.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box for key species. This is the stretch of the Nile river with the highest concentrations of wintering waterbirds in Egypt. In the winter of 1989/90, 21,100 waterbirds were counted in this region. The river immediately above the Isna Barrage appears to hold the largest numbers of waterbirds within the site. The islands are particularly attractive to resting waterbirds. Aythya nyroca winters in internationally important numbers. Netta rufina winters regularly in small numbers, while Marmaronetta angustirostris is an irregular and rare winter visitor, last recorded from the area in 1983. This section of the Nile valley is likely to be of importance for staging waterbirds and other migrants, such as Ciconia ciconia, during the migration seasons.
Site description The site comprises a portion of the Nile river extending some 190 km between Luxor and Kom Ombo. The river forms an elongate wetland that meanders through the densely populated agricultural landscape of the Nile valley. Since the closure of the High Dam in 1964, the Nile down stream from Aswan experiences water-level changes of only small amplitude. This has allowed dense swamp vegetation, mainly Phragmites and Typha, to become established in many places along the riverbanks, which were previously largely devoid of vegetation. Bare sandy or muddy banks come into existence seasonally, depending on the water-level, which is lowest in winter. A number of islands are found along this stretch of the river, many of which hold good reed-swamp vegetation. About 40% of the arable land in this section of the Nile valley is cultivated with sugar-cane. Other crops are date-palms, maize, wheat and alfalfa. Fishing probably provides important income to many families inhabiting the region. In 1990, 589 boats and 1,178 fishermen were active on the Nile in Aswan Governorate.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||winter||-||730 individuals||-||A1, A4i||Near Threatened|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||-||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Nile River Islands||Protected Area||0||unknown||0|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Management considerations All the islands in the Nile river were declared a Protected Area by Prime Ministerial Decree 1969/1998. Disturbance caused by a growing number of fishermen and tourist cruises is increasing. There is a substantial water-pollution problem caused by untreated discharge from sugar, phosphate and dairy factories, as well as from urban areas. Erosion of the Nile banks has become a problem since the construction of the High Dam. As a mitigating measure, long stretches of the Nile banks are being encased with rocks. This will alter the natural condition of this part of the Nile and potentially reduce its importance for waterbirds. Reed-control programs are likewise reducing vital waterbird habitat.
References Aswan Governorate (1993), Goodman and Meininger (1989), Meininger and Atta (1994).
Contribute Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.
Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Upper Nile. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2013
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife