|Central coordinates||29o 54.00' East 31o 7.00' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Lake Maryut is the westernmost of the northern delta wetlands, although its history and origin are different. Formerly, the lake was fairly large, but late in the nineteenth century the western half was cut off by a railway embankment and transformed into an extensive salina, now known as Malahet Maryut, which is seasonally flooded (usually during winter). Today, the remaining part of this lake is made up of several fragments, dissected by roads and embankments, and lies practically within the boundaries of greater Alexandria and its sprawling suburbs. What remains of the lake proper is brackish, receiving agricultural drainage-water through several drains (the most important of these is the Qala Drain), as well as large quantities of municipal and industrial effluent from the city of Alexandria. The lake has no direct connection with the Mediterranean, and is maintained at a level of c.2.8 m below sea-level by a pumping station at El Max. Much of the lake shore is fringed by extensive Typha/Phragmites marshes. The lake still supports a fishery, with Tilapia sp. making up most of the production.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Great Egret Casmerodius albus||winter||-||348 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Little Gull Larus minutus||winter||-||866 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Abu El Izz (1971), Meininger and Atta (1994).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Maryut. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/03/2014
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