|Location||Egypt, Port Said|
|Central coordinates||32o 19.00' East 31o 13.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||0 - 10m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Malaha was formerly the easternmost extension of Lake Manzala, from which it was cut off when the Suez Canal was constructed in the 1800s, and was further diminished by the construction of the Port Said bypass in the 1980s. Today, Malaha is composed of two shallow hyper-saline lagoons, the size and shape of which are variable; they reach their maximum size during winter and become nearly dry in summer. The lagoons are connected to the Mediterranean via Bughaz El Kala (eastern lagoon) and El Malaha (western lagoon). To the south and east lies the Tina Plain, which is a broad, barren, salt-encrusted sabkha, fringed at its southern edge by a large saltmarsh dominated by Nitraria bushes. The lagoons are separated from the Mediterranean by a sandbar that varies in width between 100 and 500 m, and which is covered in many areas with dense halophytic vegetation. Malaha supports a fishery of modest production. The catch in 1977 was 631 tonnes. The lagoon is manipulated to maximize fish production.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata||winter||-||8,200 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus||winter||-||6,500 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus||breeding||-||375-500 breeding pairs||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||winter||-||5,300 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta||winter||-||8,910 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Charadrius alexandrinus||winter||-||3,290 individuals||-||A4i||Not Recognised|
|Slender-billed Gull Larus genei||breeding||-||5,700 breeding pairs||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||-||20,000-49,999 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Goodman and Meininger (1989), Meininger and Atta (1994).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: El Malaha. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/09/2014
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